Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
 

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Philosophy of Language and Logic
Philosophy of Mathematics
Major article revisions
Philosophy of Biology and Physics
Political Philosophy
Metaphysics
Philosophy of Biology and Physics
Political Philosophy
African Philosophy
Epistemology
Romanian Philosophy
Major article revisions
19th Century Philosophy
Ancient Philosophy
Glossary
Aesthetics
Russian Philosophy
Ethics
Philosophy of Law
Biographical
Topical Areas

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REP Online Updates

To maintain REP Online as philosophy's premier resource for research and reference, we have a program of regular additions and updates. This enables our content to reflect the most significant developments in the field.

Since launching we have added 155 new articles - expanding the Encyclopedia into fresh subject areas as well as augmenting our coverage of established fields. We have also revised or updated many other entries to reflect current research.

Metaethics - Spring 2013

Subject Editor - Mark Schroeder, University of Southern California, USA
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Frege-Geach problem

Mark Schroeder

Metaethics

Stephen Finlay

Moral epistemology

Ralph Wedgwood

Moral fictionalism

Daniel Nolan

Moral psychology, empirical work in

Joshua May

Rationality, instrumental

Jonathan Way

Phenomenology

Subject Editor - Dan Zahavi, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Religion, phenomenology of (revised)

Merold Westphal

Philosophy of Science

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Biological function

Karen Neander

Major article revisions

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Libertarianism (revised)

Jonathan Woolf

Philosophy of Language and Logic - Spring 2011

Subject Editor - Graeme Forbes, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Focus

Michael Glanzberg

Generics

Sarah-Jane Leslie

Plural logic

Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley

Type-logical semantics

Reinhard Muskens

Philosophy of Mathematics

Subject Editor - Michael Potter, University of Cambridge, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Fictionalism in the philosophy of mathematics

Mark Colyvan

Naturalised philosophy of mathematics

Alexander Paseau

Set theory, philosophy of

Michael Potter

Structuralism in the philosophy of mathematics

Stewart Shapiro

Epistemology

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Experimental philosophy

Ron Mallon and Shaun Nichols

Political Philosophy

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Sufficientarianism

Axel Gosseries

Philosophy of Mind and Psychology

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Personal identity

Marya Schechtman

Aesthetics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Modernism

Stephen Ross

Music, aesthetics of

Saam Trivedi

Major article revisions

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Action

Naomi Goulder and Jennifer Hornsby

Qualia

Janet Levin

Applied ethics

Brenda Almond

Free will

Galen Strawson

Naturalised epistemology

Curtis Brown and Steven Luper

Depiction

Robert Hopkins

Painting, aesthetics of

Robert Hopkins

Major article revisions - Summer 2010

Aesthetics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Art, definition of (revised)

Stephen Davies

Art, performing (revised)

Stephen Davies

Art, abstract (revised)

John H Brown

Beauty (revised)

John H Brown

Artworks, ontology of (revised)

Gregory Currie

Film, aesthetics of (revised)

Gregory Currie

Narrative (revised)

Gregory Currie

Photography, aesthetics of (revised)

Gregory Currie

Environmental aesthetics (revised)

Allen Carlson

Nature, appreciation of (revised)

Allen Carlson

Fictional entities (revised)

Peter Lamarque

Postmodernism (revised)

Elizabeth Deeds Ermarth

Tragedy (revised)

Susan Feagin

Epistemology

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

A posteriori (revised)

Paul Moser

A priori (revised)

Paul Moser

Ethics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Business ethics (revised)

Tom Sorell and Joakim Sandberg

Consequentialism (revised)

David McNaughton and Piers Rawlings

Deontological ethics (revised)

David McNaughton and Piers Rawlings

Ethics (revised signpost article)

Roger Crisp

Utilitarianism (revised)

Roger Crisp and Tim Chappell

Virtue ethics (revised)

Roger Crisp

Evil (revised)

John Kekes

Forgiveness and mercy (revised)

Jeffrie Murphy

Good, theories of the (revised)

Christine Korsgaard

Kantian ethics (revised)

Onora O'Neill and Jens Timmermann

Moral judgment (revised)

Garrett Cullity

Moral realism (revised)

Jonathan Dancy

Metaphysics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Dispositions (revised)

Stephen Mumford

Infinity (revised bibliography)

A W Moore

Natural kinds (revised)

Chris Daly

Properties (revised)

Chris Daly

Objectivity (revised)

Alexander Miller

Time, metaphysics of (revised)

Heather Dyke

Philosophy of mind and psychology

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Belief (revised)

David Braddon-Mitchell and Frank Jackson

Colour and qualia (revised)

Joseph Levine

Content, non-conceptual (revised)

Tim Crane

Intentionality (revised)

Tim Crane

Self-deception (revised)

Al Mele

Vision (revised)

Frances Egan

Political philosophy

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Green political philosophy (revised)

Terence Ball

Pornography (revised)

Ashley Dodsworth and Susan Mendus

Socialism (revised)

Russell Keat and John O'Neill

Biographical

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Baudrillard, Jean (19292007) (updated biographical details)

Mark Poster

Fackenheim, Emil Ludwig (19162003)(updated biographical details)

Michael L Morgan

Goodman, Nelson (19061998)(updated biographical details)

Catherine Z Elgin

Passmore, John Arthur (19142004)(updated biographical details)

Frank Jackson

Philosophy of Biology and Physics - Summer 2009

Subject Editors - Tim Lewens and Jeremy Butterfield, University of Cambridge, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Biology, philosophy of (signpost article)

Tim Lewens

Causation and laws in biology

Mohan Matthen

Cultural evolution

Matteo Mameli and Kim Sterelny

Evolution and religion

Philip Kitcher

Evolutionary developmental biology

Ron Amundson

Evolutionary psychology

Lawrence Shapiro

Innateness

Matteo Mameli

Models in biology

Jay Odenbaugh

Modern synthesis, the

Anya Plutynski

Natural kinds in biology

Marc Ereshefsky

Natural selection and adaptation

Tim Lewens

Units and levels of selection

Samir Okasha

Emergence in physics

Robert Batterman

Euler, Leonhard

Jeremy Gray

Models in physics

Roman Frigg

Time, direction of

Jos Uffink

Physics, philosophy of (signpost article)

Jeremy Butterfield

Philosophy of Mind

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Attention

Christopher Mole

Political Philosophy

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Political thought, modern Islamic

Andrew March

Political Philosophy - Spring 2006

Subject Editor - David Miller, Nuffield College, University of Oxford, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Okin, Susan Moller

Debra Satz

Wisdom, Arthur John Terence Dibben

Ardon Lyon

Political philosophy, Confucian

Joseph Chan

Global justice, recent work on

Simon Caney

Historical redress

Richard Vernon

Human rights

Peter Jones

Humanitarian intervention

Nicholas J. Wheeler

Immigration and refugees

Matthew J. Gibney

Political philosophy, Jewish

Noam J. Zohar and Michael Walzer

Secession

Christopher Heath Wellman

Terrorism

David Rodin

International law, philosophy of

Allen Buchanan

Philosophy in South Africa

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Hoernlé, Reinhold Friedrich Alfred

William Sweet

Murray, Andrew Howson

William Sweet

Major article revision

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Derrida, Jacques (revised)

Andrew Cutrofello

Philosophy of Physics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Laplace, Pierre-Simon

Charles C. Gillispie

Metaphysics - Autumn 2005

Subject Editor - Robin Le Poidevin, University of Leeds, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Action at a distance

Steven French

Causation, further themes

Peter Menzies

Counterpart theory

Joseph Melia

Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Motion

Nick Huggett

Negative facts

L. Nathan Oaklander

Nihilism, metaphysical

Geraldine Coggins

Presentism

Robin Le Poidevin

Properties

Chris Daly

Slingshot arguments

Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra

Time, metaphysics of

Heather Dyke

Truth, identity theory of

Stewart Candlish

Philosophy of mind and psychology

Subject Editors - Frank Jackson and Georges Rey
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Animal thought, recent work on

Georges Rey and Marc Hauser

Linguistics, philosophy of

Georges Rey and Dan Blair

Representationalism about experience

Stephen Leeds

Ethics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Incommensurability in ethics

Erik Carlson

African Philosophy - Spring 2005

Subject Editors - K Anthony Appiah and Edward Craig
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

African feminism

Filomina Chioma Steady

Black nationalism

Tommie Shelby

Douglass, Frederick

Bernard R Boxhill

Ifá divination corpus, the

Karin Barber

Nature, concept of in Akan thought

Kwasi Wiredu

Senghor, Léopold Sédar

Phyllis Taoua

South Africa, philosophy in

Pieter Duvenage

Epistemology

Subject Editor - Peter Klein, Rutgers, USA
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

A priori knowledge and justification, recent work on

Laurence BonJour

Contextualism, epistemological, recent work on

Ernest Sosa

Epistemology (revised signpost article)

Peter Klein

Knowing how to

Edward Craig

Virtue epistemology

Linda Zagzebski

18th Century Philosophy

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Hume, David

Don Garrett

Major article revisions

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Democracy (revised)

Ross Harrison

Determinism and indeterminism (revised)

Jeremy Butterfield

Epicureanism (revised)

David Sedley

Mill, John Stuart (revised)

John Skorupski

Stoicism (revised)

David Sedley

Romanian Philosophy - Spring 2004

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Blaga, Lucian

Mircea Flonta

Cioran, Emil

Catalin Partenie

Noica, Constantin

Sorin Lavric and Laura Pamfil

Romania, philosophy in

Martha Petreu, revised by Ioan Muntean and Mircea Flonta

Vianu, Tudor

Vlad Alexandrescu

Philosophy in New Zealand

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

New Zealand, philosophy in

Robert Nola

Ethics

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Ethics and Psychology

John M. Doris and Stephen P. Stich

Major article revisions

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Existentialism (revised)

Charles B. Guignon

Feminism (revised)

Susan James

Free Will (revised)

Galen Strawson

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (revised)

Rolf-Peter Horstmann, Translated from the German by Jane Michael-Rushmer

Infinity (revised)

A. W. Moore

Justice (revised)

Brian Barry and Matt Matravers

Kant, Immanuel (revised)

Paul Guyer

Personal identity (revised)

Brian Garrett

Population and Ethics (revised)

David Heyd

Socrates (revised)

John M. Cooper

Williams, Bernard Arthur Owen (revised)

Ross Harrison and Edward Craig

Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johan (revised)

Jane Heal

19th Century Philosophy - Autumn 2003

Subject Editor - Robert Stern, Sheffield University, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Nineteenth Century Philosophy

Robert Stern

French Revolution, philosophical background and influence of

Jim Millhorn

Eclecticism

Chris McClennan

Ardigo, Roberto

Nadia Urbinati

Boltzmann, Ludwig

John Blackmore

Butler, Samuel

William Baker

De Sanctis, Francesco

Barbara Henry

Fourier, Charles

David Leopold

Gans, Eduard

Larry Stepelevich

Gobineau, Arthur de

Robert Bernasconi

Heine, Heinrich

Andrew Bowie

Novalis (Georg Philipp Friedrich von Hardenberg)

Andrew Bowie

Lewes, G.H.

William Baker

Mazzini, Giuseppe

Richard Bellamy

Sieyes, Emmanuel

Duncan Kelly

Spaventa, Bertrando

Barbara Henry

Tieck, Ludwig

Iain Macdonald

Trendelenburg, Friedrich Adolf

Christopher Adair-Toteff

Villari, Pasquale

Silvana Patriarca

Ethics

Subject Editor - Roger Crisp, St Anne's College, University of Oxford, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Cloning

John Harris and Simona Giordano

Renaissance

Subject Editor - Jennifer Ashworth, University of Waterloo, Canada
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Magic

Lauren Kassell

Philosophy of Social Science

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Toynbee, Arnold

Peter Burke

Ancient Philosophy - Winter 2002

Subject Editor - David Sedley, Christ's College, Cambridge University, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Aristotle Commentators (revised)

Richard Sorabji

Empedocles (revised)

Malcolm Schofield

Forms

Tad Brennan

Immortality

Tad Brennan

Innateness

Dominic Scott

Prolèpsis

Dominic Scott

Technè

Tad Brennan

Telos

Tad Brennan

Renaissance

Subject Editor - Jennifer Ashworth (University of Waterloo, Canada)
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

More, Thomas

Clare Murphy

Vanini, Guilio Cesare

April Shelford

Russian Philosophy

Subject Editor - Aileen Kelly, King's College, Cambridge
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Askoldov

Randall Poole

Kozlov

Randall Poole

Glossary - Autumn 2002

Glossary of logical and mathematical terms - contains an alphabetical list of 700 terms.

Aesthetics - Summer 2002

Subject Editor - Malcolm Budd, University of London
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Aesthetics of gardens

Stephanie Ross

Aesthetics of painting

Rob Hopkins

Eliot, Thomas Stearns

John Casey

Environmental aesthetics

Allen Carlson

Sibley, Frank

Colin Lyas

Wagner, Richard

M.K. Tanner

17th Century Philosophy - Revised

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Hobbes, Thomas

Tom Sorell

Ancient Philosophy - Revised

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Plato

Malcolm Schofield

Russian Philosophy - Spring 2002

Subject Editor - Aileen Kelly, King's College, Cambridge University, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Fëdorov, Nikolai Fëdorovich (revised)

George M. Young

Skovoroda, Hryhorii Savych (revised)

Taras D. Zakydalsky

Ivanov, Viacheslav Ivanovich

Robert Bird

Karsavin, Lev Platonovich

Michael A. Meerson

Kudriavtsev-Platonov, Viktor Dmitrievich

Thomas Nemeth

Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasil'evich

Gareth Jones

Lopatin, Lev Mikailovich

Randall A. Poole

Moscow Psychological Society

Randall A. Poole

Russian aesthetics

Victor Terras

Russian Darwinism

Alexander Vucinich

Russian Idea, the

Andrzej Walicki

Russian philosophy of history

Andrzej Walicki

Russian philosophy of law

Andrzej Walicki

Struve, Pëtr Berngardovich

Thomas Nemeth

Tkachëv, Pëtr Nikitich

Andrzej Walicki

Trubetskoi, Evgenii Nikolaevich

Philip Grier

Trubetskoi, Sergei Nikolaevich

Randall A. Poole

Vernadskii, Vladimir Ivanovich

Randall A. Poole

Ethics - Winter 2001

Subject Editor - Roger Crisp, St. Anne's College, University of Oxford, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Ethics and Literature

Stephen Mulhall

Infinity in ethics

Peter Vallentyne

Inviolability

Frances Kamm

Legal ethics

Richard Tur

Murdoch, Iris

Thomas Norgaard

Normativity

Stephen Darwall

Self interest

John O'Neill

Philosophy of Law - Autumn 2001

Subject Editor - Matt Kramer, Churchill College, Cambridge University, UK
ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana

Richard Bellamy

Causation in the law

Richard W. Wright

Coase, Ronald H.

Brian H. Bix

Contract law, theories of

N.E. Simmonds

Hale, Robert Lee

Barbara H. Fried

Justice, corrective

Ernest J. Weinrib

Legal positivism, inclusive versus exclusive

Wilfrid Waluchow

Williams, Glanville Llewellyn

P.R. Glazebrook

Biographical - Summer 2001

We added eight new biographical entries under the General Editorial leadership of Edward Craig.

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Apel, Karl-Otto

Matthias Kettner

Chicherin, Boris Nikolaevich

Gary Hamburg

Gehlen, Arnold

B.S. Turner

Hartshorne, Charles

Daniel Dombrowski

Maistre, Joseph de

Richard A. Lebrun

Mannheim, Karl

Brian Longhurst

Maruyama Masao

Rikki Kersten

Tönnies, Ferdinand

Mathieu Deflem

Topical Areas - Autumn 2000

Six newly commissioned articles on topical areas of discussion were included to coincide with the launch of REP Online.

ARTICLE
AUTHOR

Food

Elizabeth Telfer

Genetic Modification

Mark Tester & Edward Craig

Globalization

Jan Aart Scholte

Integrity

Ann Davis

Simulation Theory

Martin Davies & Tony Stone

Sustainability

Alan Holland

We will regularly post up information about new articles on this page, as well as information about updated articles. If you wish to keep abreast of developments of REP Online, please bookmark and revisit this page.



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