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Search Results 1 - 25 of 91. Results contain 463 matches


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Biographical

Geulincx, Arnold (1624–69)

Rediscovered in the middle of the nineteenth century, for a long time it was only because of his relation with other more conspicuous philosophers, such as Spinoza, Leibniz ...

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Biographical

Glanvill, Joseph (1636–80)

Joseph Glanvill was an opponent of the scholastic philosophy which he had been taught in England, supporting instead the new learning associated with Francis Bacon and the Royal ...

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Biographical

Helmont, Franciscus Mercurius van (1614–98)

Although he lived in the seventeenth century, van Helmont belongs more to late Renaissance than to modern intellectual culture. He was a larger-than-life figure who, in his prime, ...

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Biographical

Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1679)

Among the figures who were conscious of developing a new science in the seventeenth century, the Englishman Hobbes stands out as an innovator in ethics, politics and psychology. ...

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Biographical

Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1679)

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Among the figures who were conscious of developing a new science in the seventeenth century, the Englishman Hobbes stands out as an innovator in ethics, politics and psychology. ...

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Biographical

Huet, Pierre-Daniel (1630–1721)

Huet was a French Catholic bishop who wrote important works in theology, philology and literary criticism. In philosophy, he defended an apologetic interpretation of scepticism and opposed Cartesianism, ...

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Biographical

Jungius, Joachim (1587–1657)

Joachim Jungius was one of the most important seventeenth-century reformers of Aristotelian logic. Through critical assessment of Suárez and by recourse to Ramus, Zabarella and Melanchthon, he tried ...

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Biographical

Keckermann, Bartholomew (1571/3–1609)

Calvinist philosopher and theologian, Bartholomew Keckermann wrote textbooks in logic, ethics and metaphysics which were widely read and in which he advanced his notion of a system of ...

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Biographical

La Forge, Louis de (1632–66)

Louis de la Forge, a medical doctor by profession, was an important champion of Cartesian philosophy in mid-seventeenth century France. Through his work on the first published edition ...

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Thematic

Latitudinarianism

The term ‘Latitudinarianism’ designated, initially abusively, the attitudes of a group of late seventeenth-century Anglican clergy who advocated ecclesiastical moderation, voiced broad if heavily qualified support for religious ...

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Biographical

Le Grand, Antoine (1629–99)

Le Grand was the foremost expositor and popularizer of Cartesian philosophy in England during the seventeenth century. He wrote on ethics, politics, logic and numerous scientific topics. His ...

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Biographical

Le Clerc, Jean (1657–1737)

Le Clerc was not a particularly original philosopher – his position was somewhat eclectic – but his journals and textbooks make him an important historical figure. He acted ...

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Thematic

Libertins

The term ‘libertin’ was first used in France in the late sixteenth century as a term of abuse directed against alleged free-thinkers and atheists who were linked with ...

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Biographical

Malebranche, Nicolas (1638–1715)

Nicolas Malebranche (1638–1715), a French Catholic theologian, was the most important Cartesian philosopher of the second half of the seventeenth century. His philosophical system was a grand synthesis ...

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Biographical

Malebranche, Nicolas (1638–1715)

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Nicolas Malebranche, a French Catholic theologian, was the most important Cartesian philosopher of the second half of the seventeenth century. His philosophical system was a grand synthesis of ...

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Biographical

Mersenne, Marin (1588–1648)

Marin Mersenne represents a new seventeenth-century perspective on natural knowledge. This perspective elevated the classical mathematical sciences over natural philosophy as the appropriate models of what can be ...

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Thematic

Molyneux problem

The origin of what is known as the Molyneux problem lies in the following question posed by William Molyneux to John Locke: if a man born blind, and ...

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Biographical

More, Henry (1614–87)

The English philosopher Henry More was one of the leaders of the movement known as Cambridge Platonism. Like his Cambridge colleague Ralph Cudworth, More elaborated a constructive metaphysics ...

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Biographical

Norris, John (1657–1711)

John Norris was a philosopher in the Platonic tradition of the seventeenth century. His philosophy combines elements from both the French and English aspects of that tradition: he ...

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Biographical

Overton, Richard (d. circa 1665)

Overton was one of the leading figures of the radical Leveller movement in England in the 1640s. He fought for the equality of all men before the law ...

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Biographical

Pascal, Blaise (1623–62)

Blaise Pascal was a mathematical prodigy who numbered among his early achievements an essay on conic sections and the invention of a calculating machine. In his early twenties ...

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Thematic

Port-Royal

The reform of the abbey of Port-Royal-des-Champs in 1608 coincided with the vast movement of monastic reform which characterized the Counter-Reformation. In 1624 a second abbey was created, ...

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Thematic

Port-Royal

Port-Royal-des-Champes was an abbey in France, initially located near Versailles, but later moved to Paris. Its importance to the history of philosophy is due primarily to a group ...

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Biographical

Régis, Pierre-Sylvain (1632–1707)

Régis helped to define and disseminate Cartesianism. He proselytized on its behalf, defended it against its critics and innovators, and wrote the systematic textbook for which Descartes had ...

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