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Search Results 1 - 25 of 68. Results contain 347 matches


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Overview

Jewish philosophy

Jewish philosophy is philosophical inquiry informed by the texts, traditions and experiences of the Jewish people. Its concerns range from the farthest reaches of cosmological speculation to the ...

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Thematic

Pneuma

Pneuma, ‘spirit’, derives from the Greek verb pneo, which indicates blowing or breathing. Since breathing is necessary for life and consciousness, pneuma came to denote not ...

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Biographical

Hess, Moses (1812–75)

Hess was a socialist philosopher, closely connected with the Young Hegelians, who influenced the initial philosophical development of Karl Marx, and later articulated, in the context of a ...

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Thematic

Salvation

For there to be such a thing as salvation, there must be someone to be saved, something from which they need to be saved, and some way in ...

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4 further relevant matches
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Biographical

al-Muqammas, Daud (fl. 9th century)

Daud ibn Marwan, called al-Muqammas, is the first Jewish thinker known to have written in Arabic and one of the earliest Arabic speaking theologians whose work is extant. ...

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Biographical

Israeli, Isaac ben Solomon (c.855–955)

A pioneering Jewish philosopher and a physician, Isaac Israeli was among the very first medieval Jewish writers to formulate a philosophy employing Greek sources. He based his metaphysics ...

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Biographical

Saadiah Gaon (fl. early 10th century)

Saadiah Gaon al-Fayyumi was the first systematic philosopher of Judaism and a pioneering exegete, grammarian, lexicographer, liturgist and chronologist. His Kitab al-mukhtar fi ’l-amanat wa-’l-’i‘tiqadat (Book of Critically ...

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Biographical

Ibn Gabirol, Solomon (1021/2–57/8)

Ibn Gabirol was an outstanding exemplar of the Judaeo–Arabic symbiosis of medieval Muslim Spain, a poet as well as the author of prose works in both Hebrew and ...

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Biographical

Ibn Ezra, Moses ben Jacob (fl. 1055–1135)

Ibn Ezra was an exegete, Jewish scholar and one of the foremost Hebrew poets of medieval Spain. Although none of his systematic biblical commentaries have been preserved, two ...

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Biographical

Ibn Ezra, Abraham (1089–1164)

The philosophy of Ibn Ezra attained broad influence in Jewish literature through his Bible commentaries, included to this day in rabbinic Bibles. Born in Tudela, Spain, he was ...

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Biographical

al-Baghdadi, Abu ’l-Barakat (fl. c.1200–50)

A maverick philosopher, respected medical authority, and seemingly somewhat tempestuous individual, Abu ‘l-Barakat al-Baghdadi produced one voluminous work (the Kitab al-mu‘tabar) in which the philosophical views current in ...

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Biographical

Bar Hayya, Abraham (c.1016–c.1136)

Abraham bar Hayya (also called bar Hiyya) sought to reconcile Jewish tradition with contemporary philosophical thought, in his case that received from Arabic sources. Generally considered to be ...

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Biographical

Ibn Paquda, Bahya (fl. early 12th century)

Bahya ibn Paquda, the chief exponent of Jewish pietism, gave that ecumenical strand of thought and practice a markedly philosophical cast, preferring the intellectual to the fideistic side ...

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Biographical

Halevi, Judah (before 1075–1141)

Physician, philosopher and perhaps the greatest Hebrew poet since the Psalms, Judah Halevi studied the Neoplatonic Aristotelianism widespread in Islamic Spain, but his loyalty to Judaic traditions, love ...

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Biographical

Ibn Tzaddik, Joseph ben Jacob (d. 1149)

Joseph ibn Tzaddik was a thinker firmly within the Neoplatonic tradition of Jewish philosophy. He argued that through knowledge of our own body we understand the natural world, ...

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4 further relevant matches
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Biographical

Ibn Daud, Abraham (c.1110–c.1180)

Ibn Daud was born in Cordoba and died in Toledo. In Jewish texts he is known as Rabad, an acronym of his Hebrew name, Rabbi Abraham ben David. ...

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Biographical

Maimonides, Moses (1138–1204)

Called the Rambam in the Hebrew sources, an acronym on his name, and known in Islamic texts as Musa ibn Maimun, Rabbi Moses ben Maimon is best known ...

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Biographical

Maimonides, Abraham ben Moses (1186–1237)

Jewish theologian, mystical pietist, physician, and the only son of Moses Maimonides, with whom he studied rabbinics, philosophy and medicine. Upon his father’s death, Abraham became the spiritual ...

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Biographical

Nahmanides, Moses (1194–1270)

One of the most influential medieval Jewish thinkers to engage with the philosophical tradition, Nahmanides was also a leading Talmudist, biblical exegete, and a founding figure of the ...

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Biographical

Ibn Kammuna (d. 1284)

Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused major rioting in Baghdad, ...

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Biographical

Ibn Falaquera, Shem Tov (1223/8–after 1290)

A prolific author with a clear and precise Hebrew style, Ibn Falaquera wrote both original works and Hebrew translations of Arabic works of philosophy and science. His writings ...

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Biographical

Immanuel ben Solomon of Rome (c.1261–before 1336)

Immanuel of Rome wrote commentaries on the Bible and poems of a religious, philosophical or jocular nature, concerning the most varied themes. His main topics are conjunction with ...

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Biographical

Duran, Profiat (d. c.1414)

Duran, known also as Efodi, produced a wide variety of works displaying a considerable understanding of Christian culture, which he then used to criticize Christianity from a Jewish ...

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Thematic

Voluntarism, Jewish

Voluntarism with respect to humanity and divinity became a powerful current in medieval Jewish philosophy, partly in response to the Neoplatonic doctrine of eternal and necessary emanation, which ...

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Thematic

Averroism, Jewish

Averroism was enthusiastically taken up by many Jewish philosophers and adapted in a number of ways that extended its scope beyond mere repetition of Averroes’ own arguments. Jewish ...

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