Search Results 1 - 18 of 18. Results contain 42 matches


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Thematic

Port-Royal

Port-Royal-des-Champes was an abbey in France, initially located near Versailles, but later moved to Paris. Its importance to the history of philosophy is due primarily to a group ...

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Thematic

Port-Royal

The reform of the abbey of Port-Royal-des-Champs in 1608 coincided with the vast movement of monastic reform which characterized the Counter-Reformation. In 1624 a second abbey was created, ...

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Biographical

Arnauld, Antoine (1612–94)

Antoine Arnauld, a leading theologian and Cartesian philosopher, was one of the most important and interesting figures of the seventeenth century. As the most prominent spokesperson and defender ...

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Biographical

Arnauld, Antoine (1612–94)

REVISED

Antoine Arnauld, a combative theologian and Cartesian philosopher, was one of the most important and interesting figures of the seventeenth century. As the most prominent spokesperson and defender ...

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Thematic

Logic in the 17th and 18th centuries

Logic in the seventeenth century was characterized by attempts to reconcile older viewpoints, such as those of Ramus and Melanchthon, and by criticism of the nature and scope ...

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Biographical

Pascal, Blaise (1623–62)

Blaise Pascal was a mathematical prodigy who numbered among his early achievements an essay on conic sections and the invention of a calculating machine. In his early twenties ...

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Thematic

Linguistics, philosophy of

Although related to issues in the philosophy of language, the philosophy of linguistics is a largely distinct topic, being concerned not so much with language itself but with ...

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Biographical

Astell, Mary (1666–1731)

Best known for her proposal to establish a women’s college, Astell published on a variety of other topics: religious dissent, the social contract, the marriage contract, epistemic issues, ...

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Thematic

Language, early modern philosophy of

Philosophical interest in language during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was strong but largely derivative. Most thinkers shared Leibniz’s view ‘that languages are the best mirror of the ...

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Thematic

Aristotelianism in the 17th century

REVISED

Aristotelians in the seventeenth century comprised a group of mostly anonymous textbook writers whose chief claim to fame is that their philosophy was opposed by such early moderns ...

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Biographical

Clauberg, Johannes (1622–65)

Johannes Clauberg was a member of the Cartesian school in the years immediately following Descartes’ death, and is extremely important as an early expositor of Descartes and a ...

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Biographical

Amo, Anton Wilhelm (c.1703–56)

The first European-trained African philosopher, Amo pursued a scholarly career in jurisprudence and then in rationalist psychology, logic, and metaphysics. He trained at Halle, Wittenberg and Jena universities, ...

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Biographical

Fardella, Michelangelo (c.1646–1718)

Fardella was one of the first and most famous Italian Cartesians. Influenced by Malebranche and Leibniz, he rejected materialism in metaphysics, and endorsed a strongly Augustinian form of ...

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Biographical

Carmichael, Gershom (1672–1729)

Gershom Carmichael was a teacher and writer of pivotal importance for the Scottish Enlightenment of the eighteenth century. He was the first Professor of Moral Philosophy at the ...

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Thematic

Logic in the 19th century

The nineteenth century was one of the most active periods for logic in Western philosophy. It is regarded foremost as being the first time logic became ‘symbolic’ and ...

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Thematic

Intensional entities

Intensional entities are such things as concepts, propositions and properties. What makes them ‘intensional’ is that they violate the principle of extensionality; the principle that equivalence implies identity. ...

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Biographical

Mazzini, Giuseppe (1805–72)

Mazzini was a leading figure in the struggle for Italian unification during the nineteenth century. A theorist of nationalism as well as an activist, he also promoted nationalist ...

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