DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-L145-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 2012
Retrieved December 05, 2020, from

References and further reading

  • Ayer, A. J. (1936) Language, Truth and Logic, London: Gollancz, 2nd edn 1946, ch. 6.

    (An early and simple statement of noncognitivism.)

  • Blackburn, S. (1993) Essays on Quasi-Realism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A collection of influential papers by a contemporary noncognitivist.)

  • Copp, D. (2001) ‘Realist-Expressivism: A Neglected Option for Moral Realism’, Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (2): 1–43.

    (Proposes a hybrid theory of moral claims as containing both descriptive and expressive elements.)

  • Darwall, S., Gibbard, A. and Railton, P. (1997) Moral Discourse and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (An anthology of seminal works in metaethics, introduced with an influential survey of the field.)

  • Fantl, J. (2006) ‘Is Metaethics Morally Neutral?’, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly (1): 24–44.

    (An article that challenges the sharp distinction between metaethics and normative theory.)

  • Finlay, S. (2007) ‘Four Faces of Moral Realism’, Philosophy Compass 2 (6): 820–849.

    (A critical survey of some recent scholarship on moral realism.)

  • Fisher, A. and Kirchin, S. (2006) Arguing About Metaethics, New York: Routledge.

    (A comprehensive anthology of contemporary writings in metaethics, arranged dialectically.)

  • Foot, P. (2001) Natural Goodness, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A book-length statement of a naturalistic metaethical view in the Aristotelian tradition.)

  • Hare, R. M. (1952) The Language of Morals, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A classic book-length presentation of a noncognitivist view.)

  • Harman, G. (1975) ‘Moral Relativism Defended’, Philosophical Review 84: 3–22.

    (A classic defence of moral relativism.)

  • Harman, G. (1977) The Nature of Morality, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A classic introductory text that presents some of the central problems of metaethics.)

  • Horgan, T. and Timmons, M. (2006) Metaethics after Moore, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (An anthology of new articles on a range of metaethical issues by leading writers.)

  • Mackie, J. L. (1977) Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books

    (An introductory text that poses some central metaethical puzzles, and the classic statement of error theory.)

  • Miller, A. (2003) An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics, Cambridge: Polity Press.

    (One of the few introductory textbooks on metaethics.)

  • Moore, G. E. (1903) Principia Ethica, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (The seminal work of twentieth-century metaethics and classic statement of nonnaturalist moral realism.)

  • Schroeder, M. (2010) Non-cognitivism in Ethics, London: Routledge.

    (An accessible yet comprehensive introductory text on noncognitivism written for undergraduates, with exercises.)

  • Sidgwick, H. (1874) The Methods of Ethics, London: Macmillan

    (A classic of moral philosophy that anticipates some of G. E. Moore’s central metaethical arguments.)

  • Smith, M. (1994) The Moral Problem, Malden, MA: Blackwell

    (An influential monograph that provides a clear statement of a central problem of metaethics, and an ingenious moral realist solution.)

Citing this article:
Finlay, Stephen. Bibliography. Metaethics, 2012, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-L145-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
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