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Aristotle (384–322 BC)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-A022-1
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-A022-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved October 19, 2018, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/aristotle-384-322-bc/v-1

List of works

The works of Aristotle are usually cited by conventional Latin titles, or by English translations of these titles (often mere Anglicizations rather than proper translations). This list omits: works preserved in the Aristotelian corpus, but now generally agreed to be spurious; lost works; and the Constitution of Athens (probably not by Aristotle himself; discovered after the standard arrangement of Aristotle’s works was established).

Neither the absolute nor the relative dates of individual treatises can be established (see §2). The list below follows the thematic order outlined in the entry.

Recommended editions (Greek text with commentary) and translations of individual works are listed below. The standard text of most treatises appears in the Oxford Classical Texts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, various editors and dates), or, when these are lacking, in the Teubner texts (Leipzig: Teubner, various editors and dates). The Greek text, with facing English translation (not always reliable) appears in the Loeb Classical Library (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, various editors and dates).

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Aristotelis Opera, ed. I. Bekker, Berlin: Reimer, 1831–70, 5 vols.

    (The first modern edition of the Greek text and the source of the page and line references normally used.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) The Works of Aristotle, ed. W.D. Ross and J.A. Smith, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1908–54, 12 vols.

    (The Oxford Translation.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. J. Barnes, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984, 2 vols

    (The standard English translation of the whole corpus; contains the revised Oxford Translation.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) The Basic Works of Aristotle, ed. R. McKeon, New York: Random House, 1941.

    (A selection from the Oxford Translation.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) A New Aristotle Reader, ed. J.L. Ackrill, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

    (Selections from existing translations.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Aristotle: Selections, trans. G. Fine and T. Irwin, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1995.

    (New translations with notes.).

Logic

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Categories (Categoriae), trans. J.L. Ackrill, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.

    (Outline of the theory of categories.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) On Interpretation (De Interpretatione), trans. J.L. Ackrill, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.

    (Thought, language and logic.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Prior Analytics (Analytica Priora), trans. R. Smith, Indianapolis: Hackett, 1989.

    (Deductive logic: the theory of the syllogism.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Posterior Analytics (Analytica Posteriora), trans. J. Barnes, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn, 1993.

    (The theory of demonstration: the structure of knowledge.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Topics (Topica) trans. A.W. Pickard-Cambridge in The Complete Works of Aristotle, ed. J. Barnes, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984, 2 vols, 167–314.

    (The theory, strategy and tactics of dialectical argument.)

Natural philosophy

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Physics (Physica), ed. W.D. Ross, in The Works of Aristotle, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949; Books I–II, trans. W. Charlton, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970; Books III–IV trans. E.L. Hussey, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.

    (General principles of natural philosophy – form, matter, explanation – and their application to motion, infinity, place and time.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) On the Heavens (De caelo), Books I–II trans. S. Leggett, Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1995.

    (Cosmology: application of Aristotle’s theory of motion to the four elements and their interaction in the universe.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Generation and Corruption (De generatione et corruptione), ed. H.H. Joachim, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1922; trans. C.J.F. Williams, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

    (Account of change in natural substances; alteration, growth, coming-to-be and perishing; matter and the four elements.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Meteorology (Meteorologica), trans. H.D.P. Lee, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1952.

    (Collection of observations on winds, tides and other aspects of inanimate nature.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) History of Animals (Historia animalium) trans. A.L. Peck, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1965–91, 3 vols.

    (Collection of observations on different kinds of animals and their behaviour, providing a basis for Aristotle’s biological explanations.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Parts of Animals (De partibus animalium), Book I, trans. D.M. Balme, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.

    (Introduction to the study of animals; explanation of physiology, organs and behaviour, in light of Aristotle’s explanatory scheme.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Generation of Animals (De generatione animalium), trans. A.L. Peck, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1942.

    (Application of Aristotle’s explanatory scheme to reproduction and heredity.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) On the Movement of Animals (De motu animalium), ed. and trans. M.C. Nussbaum. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978.

    (Physiology and psychological explanation of animal movement.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) On the Progression of Animals (De incessu animalium), trans. E.S. Foster, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1937.

    (Physiology of animal movement.)

Metaphysics

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Metaphysics (Metaphysica), ed. W.D. Ross, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1924, 2 vols; Books IV–VI, trans. C.A. Kirwan, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971; Books VII–VIII trans. D. Bostock, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; Books XIII–XIV trans. J. Annas, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976.

    (Collection of treatises centred on the ‘science of being’, especially substance, form and matter, potentiality and actuality, culminating in theology.)

Psychology

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) On the Soul (De anima), ed. R.D. Hicks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1907; Books II–III trans. D.W. Hamlyn, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.

    (Application of theory of form and matter to questions about soul and body; perceptio, thought and action.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Short Natural Treatises (Parva naturalia), ed. W.D. Ross, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955.

    (Short essays, physiological and psychological, on themes connected with On the Soul.)

Ethics

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Nicomachean Ethics (Ethica Nicomachea) commentary by J.A. Stewart, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1892, 2 vols; trans. T.H. Irwin, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1985.

    (Normally regarded as Aristotle’s most important contribution to moral philosophy.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Eudemian Ethics (Ethica Eudemia), Books I–II trans. M.J. Woods, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

    (Similar in content to the Nicomachean Ethics, though different in important details. Normally regarded as an earlier version of Aristotle’s ethical theory.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Great Ethics (Magna moralia), trans. G. Stock, in The Complete Works of Aristotle, revised Oxford Translation, ed. J. Barnes, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984, 2 vols, 1868–1991.

    (The standard English translation of the whole corpus; contains the revised Oxford Translation.)

Politics

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Politics (Politica), ed. W.L. Newman, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1887–1902, 4 vols; Books I–II trans. T.J. Saunders, Clarendon Aristotle Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

    (Aristotle’s major work in political theory, including ethics, history and sociology; examines the imperfections of actual states and proposes an ideal state.)

Rhetoric and Poetics

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Rhetoric (Rhetorica), ed. E.M. Cope, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1877, 3 vols; trans. G. Kennedy, Aristotle on Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse, New York: Oxford University Press.

    (The theory and practice of public speaking, based on Aristotle’s logic, dialectic, psychology, ethics and political theory.)

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Poetics (De arte poetica), ed. D.W. Lucas, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968; trans. R. Janko, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1987.

    (Analysis of poetry (in the surviving part of the treatise, tragic drama) from linguistic, stylistic, psychological, and moral points of view.)

References and further reading

  • Ackrill, J.L. (1981) Aristotle the Philosopher, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (This and Barnes (1982) are the best short introductions.)

  • Barnes, J. (1982) Aristotle, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Along with Ackrill (1981), one of the best short introductions to Aristotle.)

  • Barnes, J. (1994) The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Good bibliography.)

  • Barnes, J., Schofield, M. and Sorabji, R. (1975–9) Articles on Aristotle, London: Duckworth, 4 vols.

    (Good collections of essays, including translated selections from non-English works; full bibliographies.)

  • Bonitz, H. (1870) Index Aristotelicus, Berlin: Reimer.

    (Outstandingly useful guide to Aristotle’s vocabulary.)

  • Broadie, S.W. (1991) Ethics with Aristotle, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (This and Hardie (1980) are the best general guides to the Ethics; Hardie is more accessible to a beginner.)

  • Charles, D. (1984) Aristotle’s Philosophy of Action, London: Duckworth.

    (Detailed and sophisticated discussion, focusing on Physics and Ethics.)

  • Fine, G. (1993) On Ideas, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (On Aristotle’s criticism of Plato.)

  • Furley, D.J. and Nehamas, A. (1994) Philosophical Essays on Aristotle’s Rhetoric, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Collection of essays; this and Rorty (1995) provide a survey of recent work on the Rhetoric.)

  • Furth, M. (1988) Substance, Form, and Psychē, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Furth, Lewis (1991), Loux (1991) and Witt (1989) provide a guide to debates about the Metaphysics, especially Books VII–IX.)

  • Gotthelf, A. and Lennox, J. (1987) Philosophical issues in Aristotle’s Biology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

    (Collection of essays.)

  • Hardie, W.F.R. (1980) Aristotle’s Ethical Theory, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn.

    (Alongside Broadie (1991), one of the best general guides to the Ethics.)

  • Irwin, T.H. (1988) Aristotle’s First Principles, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (This and Lear (1988) explore themes connecting several aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy.)

  • Irwin, T.H. (1995) Classical Philosophy, vols 5–7, New York: Garland.

    (Collection of essays on Aristotle.)

  • Jaeger, W. (1923) Aristoteles: Grundlegung einer Geschichte seiner Entwicklung, Berlin: Weidmann; trans. R. Robinson, Aristotle: Fundamentals of the History of his Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn, 1948.

    (English translation; formerly influential account of Aristotle’s intellectual development.)

  • Judson, L. (1991) Aristotle’s Physics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Collection of essays.)

  • Keyt, D. and Miller, F.D. (1991) A Companion to Aristotle’s Politics. Oxford: Blackwell.

    (Collection of essays.)

  • Kraut, R. (1989) Aristotle on the Human Good, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Clear and full discussion of happiness in Nicomachean Ethics I, X.)

  • Lear, J. (1988) Aristotle: The Desire to Understand, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Explores themes connecting several aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy; see also Irwin (1988).)

  • Lewis, F.A. (1991) Substance and Predication in Aristotle, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Provides the most detailed guide to debates about the Metaphysics, especially books VII–IX; see also Furth (1988), Loux (1991) and Witt (1989).)

  • Loux, M.J. (1991) Primary Ousia, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Provides a guide to debates about the Metaphysics, especially Books VII–IX; see also Furth (1988), Lewis (1991) and Witt (1989).)

  • Miller, F.D. (1995) Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle’s Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Discussion of major issues in Aristotle’s political theory.)

  • Nussbaum, M.C. and Rorty, A.O. (1992) Essays on Aristotle’s De Anima, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Collection of essays, mostly recent.)

  • Organ, T.W. (1949) An Index to Aristotle, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Moderately useful attempt to construct an index to the Oxford translation.)

  • Owen, G.E.L. (1986) Logic, Science, and Dialectic, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Includes several seminal papers on Aristotle’s logic and metaphysics.)

  • Rorty, A.O. (1980) Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

    (Collection of essays, covering the main themes of the Ethics in order.)

  • Rorty, A.O. (1992) Essays on Aristotle’s Poetics, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Collection of essays.)

  • Rorty, A.O. (1995) Essays on Aristotle’s Rhetoric, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

    (Alongside Furley and Nehamas (1994), provides a survey of recent work on the Rhetoric.)

  • Ross, W.D. (1923) Aristotle, London: Methuen.

    (Extremely useful summary of all of Aristotle’s works.)

  • Sorabji, R. (1980) Necessity, Cause, and Blame, London: Duckworth.

    (Covers central areas in natural philosophy, metaphysics, and ethics in accessible style.)

  • Waterlow, S. (1982) Nature, Change, and Agency, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Thought-provoking discussion of themes in Physics.)

  • Witt, C. (1989) Substance and Essence in Aristotle, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Provides the most accessible guide to debates about the Metaphysics, especially Books VII–IX; see also Furth (1988), Lewis (1991) and Loux (1991).)

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Citing this article:
Irwin, T.H.. Bibliography. Aristotle (384–322 BC), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-A022-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/aristotle-384-322-bc/v-1/bibliography/aristotle-384-322-bc-bib.
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