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Askol’dov (Alekseev), Sergei Alekseevich (1870–1945)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-E091-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 2002
Retrieved September 24, 2020, from

Article Summary

A prominent philosopher of the Russian Religious-Philosophical Renaissance, Sergei Askol’dov was Aleksei Kozlov’s son and philosophical disciple. (Askol’dov was a pseudonym; his legal name was Alekseev, i.e., ‘son of Aleksei’, because he was born out of wedlock and could not take his father’s surname.) Continuing the Russian neo-Leibnizian tradition founded by Kozlov, he embraced the doctrine of ‘panpsychism’, holding that reality is a plurality of conscious spiritual substances (monads). At the same time, he developed this metaphysical system much further in the direction of religious philosophy. He was a sharp critic of Kantianism, which he faulted for a misplaced emphasis on ‘consciousness in general’ instead of the proper concern of philosophy – being. He hoped that his own spiritualistic conception of being would facilitate ‘the return to the natural development of Christian philosophy, interrupted by the barbaric age of pseudo-enlightenment’. Retrograde moments aside, Askol’dov was a serious, and at times profound, philosophical and religious thinker.

Citing this article:
Poole, Randall A.. Askol’dov (Alekseev), Sergei Alekseevich (1870–1945), 2002, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-E091-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
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