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Avenarius, Richard (1843–96)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-DC002-2
Versions
Published
2020
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC002-2
Version: v2,  Published online: 2020
Retrieved July 16, 2020, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/avenarius-richard-1843-96/v-2

Article Summary

The German philosopher Richard Avenarius was the founder of ‘empiriocriticism’, a school that aimed at establishing a scientific and purely empirical philosophy. Avenarius’ idea of an energy-saving principle regulating knowledge, and his refusal of the distinction between a psychical inner world and a physical outer world were shared by Ernst Mach, thus the term empiriocriticism was later used to indicate them both. Avenarius elaborated a theory of knowledge based on the advances of physiological and experimental psychology. He was a key figure in the nineteenth-century German debate about the relationship between philosophy and psychology. Even though Avenarius had a great influence on thinkers such as Husserl, Schlick, William James, and others, due to the difficulty of his writings his philosophy is now poorly studied and little known.

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Citing this article:
Russo Krauss, Chiara. Avenarius, Richard (1843–96), 2020, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC002-2. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/avenarius-richard-1843-96/v-2.
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