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Bernstein, Eduard (1850–1932)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-S093-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved March 24, 2023, from

Article Summary

Eduard Bernstein, an eminent German social democrat, is now noted as ‘the father of revisionism’. He made a reputation as the radical editor of the German Social Democratic Party organ, Der Sozialdemokrat, and became a close associate of Friedrich Engels. However, after the death of Engels he abandoned revolutionary Marxism and argued that socialism could be achieved by legal means and piecemeal reform. In doing this, he raised fundamental questions concerning the validity of Marxism and the direction of socialist political strategy, thus provoking what is now known as the ‘revisionist debate’.

Citing this article:
Tudor, H.. Bernstein, Eduard (1850–1932), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-S093-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2023 Routledge.

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