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Capreolus, Johannes (c.1380–1444)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-C010-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved June 21, 2021, from

Article Summary

Thomist philosopher and theologian, Capreolus composed a lengthy commentary on Aquinas’ work on Peter Lombard’s Sentences, known as Defensiones theologiae divi Thomae Aquinatis (Defences of the Theology of Thomas Aquinas) (first printed in 1483–4). He sought to refute the criticisms of Thomism by competing scholastic traditions during the fourteenth century. The Thomistic school was so impressed with Capreolus’ achievement that it came to refer to him as Princeps Thomistarum (leader of the Thomists). Twentieth-century Thomists have, generally, considered him more faithful to the teachings of Aquinas than later commentators such as Cajetan. His philosophical opinions which have received most attention concern analogy, the formal ontological constituent of the person and the individuation of material substances.

Citing this article:
Tavuzzi, Michael. Capreolus, Johannes (c.1380–1444), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-C010-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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