Cassirer, Ernst (1874–1945)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DD013-2
Version: v2,  Published online: 2017
Retrieved April 01, 2023, from

List of works

  • Cassirer, E. (1906, 1907, 1920) Das Erkenntnisproblem in der Philosophie und Wissenschaft der neueren Zeit (The Problem of Knowledge in Philosophy and Science in the Modern Age), Berlin: Bruno Cassirer, 3 vols.

    (History of the problem of knowledge from Nicholas of Cusa through Hegel and Neo-Kantian systems of philosophy.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1910) Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff. Untersuchungen über die Grundfragen der Erkenntniskritik, Berlin: Bruno Cassirer; trans. W.M. Swabey and M.C. Swabey, in Substance and Function and Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1923.

    (Cassirer’s philosophy of science, showing how the functional concept reflects the thought-form of modern science.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1918) Kants Leben und Lehre, vol. 8 of Gesammelte Werke, trans. J. Maden, Kant’s Life and Thought, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981.

    (Concluding volume of Immanuel Kants Werke edited by H. Cohen, E. Cassirer et al.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1923–9) Philosophie der symbolischen Formen, Berlin: Bruno Cassirer, 3 vols; trans. R. Manheim, The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 3 vols, 1955–7: vol. 1, Language; vol. 2, Mythical Thought; vol. 3, The Phenomenology of Knowledge.

    (The major statement of Cassirer’s systematic philosophy.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1925) Sprache und Mythos. Ein Beitrag zum Problem der Götternamen, vol. 6 of Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, Leipzig: Teubner; trans. S.K. Langer, Language and Myth, New York: Harper & Bros, 1946.

    (Study of the interconnections of the symbolic forms.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1927) Individuum und Kosmos in der Philosophie der Renaissance, vol. 10 of Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, Leipzig: Teubner; trans. M. Domandi, The Individual and the Cosmos in Renaissance Philosophy, New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

    (The major themes that unify Renaissance philosophy, with an emphasis on Nicholas of Cusa.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1932a) Die Platonische Renaissance in England und die Schule von Cambridge, vol. 24 of Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, Leipzig: Teubner; trans. J.P. Pettegrove, The Platonic Renaissance in England, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, and Edinburgh: Nelson, 1953.

    (Emphasis on the Cambridge Platonists and Shaftesbury.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1932b) Die Philosophie der Aufklärung, Tübingen: Mohr; trans. F.C.A. Koelln and J.P. Pettegrove, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1951.

    (The unity of the Enlightenment’s views of nature, religion, aesthetics and the state.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1942) Zur Logik der Kulturwissenschaften. Fünf Studien, vol. 47 of Götesborgs Högskolas Arsskrift, Göteborg: Wettergren & Kerbers; trans. C.S. Howe, The Logic of the Humanities, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1961.

    (Five essays on the nature of the humanities, especially the differences between concept-formation in the sciences and the humanities.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1944) An Essay on Man: An Introduction to a Philosophy of Human Culture, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Cassirer’s summary of his philosophy of symbolic forms and the conception of human nature presupposed by it.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1946) The Myth of the State, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Historical and systematic analysis of the modern state employing Cassirer’s conception of mythical thought.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1950) The Problem of Knowledge: Philosophy, Science and History since Hegel, trans. from the German manuscript of 1940 by W.H. Woglom and C.W. Handel, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; German edn, Das Erkenntnisproblem in der Philosophie und Wissenschaft der neueren Zeit. Von Hegels Tod bis zur Gegenwart (1832–1932). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1957.

    (The final volume of Das Erkenntnisproblem, see above.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1979) Symbol, Myth, and Culture: Essays and Lecturers of Ernst Cassirer 1935–1945, ed. D.P. Verene, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Essays and lectures from the last decade of Cassirer’s life left in manuscript at the time of his death.)

  • Cassirer, E. (1995) Zur Metaphysik der symbolischen Formen, ed. J.M. Krois, vol. 1 of Nachgelassene Manuskripte und Texte, ed. J.M. Krois and O. Schwemmer, Hamburg: Meiner; trans. and ed. J.M. Krois and D.P. Verene as The Metaphysics of Symbolic Logic, vol. 4. of The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.

    (The fourth volume of Cassirer’s major work (written in 1928), with further text on the conception of ‘basis-phenomena’ (written c.1940) left in manuscript at his death.)

  • Cassirer, E. (2013) The Warburg Years (1919–1933): Essays on Language, Art, Myth and Technology, trans. S.G. Lofts with A. Calcagno, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Translations of Cassirer’s essays and monographs associated with the Warburg Library.)

References and further reading

  • Barash, J.A. (ed.) (2008) The Symbolic Construction of Reality: The Legacy of Ernst Cassirer, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (Essays from a conference held in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv in 1998, on ‘Ernst Cassirer: Symbol, Science and Culture’.)

  • Bayer, T.I. (2001) Cassirer’s Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms: A Philosophical Commentary, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (A section-by-section discussion of vol. 4 of The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, with specific attention to Cassirer’s metaphysics of ‘spirit’ and ‘life’ and theory of basis-phenomena.)

  • Friedman, M. (2000) A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer and Heidegger, Chicago: Open Court.

    (Focuses on theory of knowledge as it relates to these three figures. Contains a valuable discussion of the encounter between Cassirer and Heidegger at Davos. See Gordon entry, below.)

  • Gordon, P.E. (2010) Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (Comprehensive treatment of the Davos debate between Cassirer and Heidegger, including a translation of the text of that exchange.)

  • Hamlin, C. and Krois, J.M. (eds) (2004) Symbolic Forms and Cultural Studies: Ernst Cassirer’s Theory of Culture, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Essays from a conference at Yale University in 1996 on ‘Philosophy of Culture and Symbolic Forms: New Perspectives on Ernst Cassirer’.)

  • Krois, J.M. (1987) Cassirer: Symbolic Forms and History, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Study of the various major aspects of Cassirer’s philosophy.)

  • Lofts, S.G. (2000) Ernst Cassirer: A ‘Repetition’ of Modernity, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    (Places Cassirer’s thought in relation to trends in modern Continental philosophy, especially Structuralism.)

  • Raio, G. (ed.) (2000-) Cassirer Studies, Naples: Bibliopolis.

    (International journal, each issue of which is organized around a particular topic in Cassirer’s thought.)

  • Sandkühler, H.J. and Pätzold, D. (eds) (2003) Kultur und Symbol: Ein Handbuch zur Philosophie Ernst Cassirers, Stuttgart: Metzler.

    (An analysis of the various themes of Cassirer’s philosophy, by various authors. As the subtitle states, it can function as a handbook to familiarize the reader with all aspects and sources of Cassirer’s philosophy.)

  • Schilpp, P.A. (ed.) (1949) The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer, Evanston, IL: The Library of Living Philosophers, Inc.

    (Twenty-three essays on aspects of Cassirer’s thought, with a biographical essay and a bibliography of his writings to 1946.)

  • Skidelsky, E. (2008) Ernst Cassirer: The Last Philosopher of Culture, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Argues from a historical perspective that Cassirer’s philosophy is outmoded and failed to become a significant influence on later philosophy.)

  • Verene, D.P. (2001) The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms: Kant, Hegel and Cassirer, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.

    (Assesses the extent to which both Kant and Hegel are sources for Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms, presented in terms of an account of the total development of his philosophy. Contains a bibliographic essay giving an overview of Cassirer’s writings and scholarship on his thought to date.)

Citing this article:
Verene, Donald Phillip. Bibliography. Cassirer, Ernst (1874–1945), 2017, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DD013-2. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
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