Duns Scotus, John (c.1266–1308)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-B035-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 21, 2021, from

List of works

  • Duns Scotus, John (c. 1290–1308) Opera omnia. Editio nova iuxta editionem Waddingi XII tomos continentem, Paris: Vivès, 1891–5, 26 vols; selections ed. and trans. A.B. Wolter, Duns Scotus on the Will and Morality, Washington, DC: Catholic University, 1987; ed. and trans. A.B. Wolter and W.A. Frank, Duns Scotus, Metaphysician, Lafayette, IL: Purdue University Press, 1995.

    (The Vivès edition is a typographically enlarged reprint of the Wadding edition (Lyons, 1639). Contains many spurious works. For the certainly authentic works, see C. Balić (1966) John Duns Scotus. Some Reflections on the Occasion of the Seventh Centenary of his Birth, Rome: Scotistic Commission, 29–44. Since the critical Vatican edition is far from complete, this is still the only text for many of Scotus’ writings. Even for those texts which have been critically edited, the edition remains valuable for the scholia, parallel citations and commentaries by later Scotists. Wolter (1987) contains extensive selections with facing Latin and substantial introductions; Wolter and Frank provide a re-translation of selected texts with commentary.)

  • Duns Scotus, John (c. 1290–1308) Opera omnia studio et cura Commissionis Scotisticae ad fidem codicum edita, Vatican City: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1950–, 11 vols to date.

    (Planned critical or Vatican edition of Scotus’ writings. Published to date are vols 1–7 (Ordinatio to bk 2, dist. 3), vols 16–19 (Lectura).)

  • Duns Scotus, John (before 1300) Lectura, in Opera omnia studio et cura Commissionis Scotisticae ad fidem codicum edita, Vatican City: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1950–, vols 16–19.

    (The questions on divine foreknowledge are translated by A. Vos, Contingency and Freedom: John Duns Scotus, Lectura I 39, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1994.)

  • Duns Scotus, John (after 1300) Ordinatio, in Opera omnia studio et cura Commissionis Scotisticae ad fidem codicum edita, Vatican City: Typis Polyglottis Vaticanis, 1950–, vols 1–7.

    (The prologue is translated by A. Wolter in ‘Duns Scotus on the Necessity of Revealed Knowledge’, Franciscan Studies 11: 231–71, 1951. The question on whether God’s existence is self-evident is translated in E. Fairweather, A Scholastic Miscellany: Anselm to Ockham, Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, 1956, 428–39. The questions on the principle of individuation are translated by P.V. Spade in Five Texts on the Medieval Problem of Universals, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1994, 57–113. Duns Scotus, Philosophical Writings, trans. A. B. Wolter, Indianapolis, IN, and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1987, is a translation of selections from the Ordinatio with facing Latin text of the Vivès edition.)

  • Duns Scotus, John (c. 1302–5) Reportatio parisiensis, part trans. A. Wolter and M. Adams, ‘Duns Scotus’ Parisian Proof for the Existence of God’, Franciscan Studies 42: 248–321, 1982.

    (Translation and edition of the Parisian verison of the proof for the existence of God.)

  • Duns Scotus, John (c. 1306) Quodlibetal Questions, ed. F. Alluntis, Obras del Doctor Sutil, Juan Duns Escoto: Cuestiones Cuodlibetales, Madrid: Biblioteca De Autores Cristianos, 1968; trans. F. Alluntis and A.B. Wolter, God and Creatures: The Quodlibetal Questions, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975; repr. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1987.

    (Alluntis’ edition is a revision of Vivès text of the Quodlibetal Questions. Alluntis and Wolter’s translation includes a helpful glossary of Scotistic vocabulary.)

  • Duns Scotus (c. 1308) De primo principio (On First Principle), ed. and trans. A.B. Wolter, John Duns Scotus: A Treatise on God as First Principle, Chicago, IL: Franciscan Herald Press, 1966; 2nd revised edn, 1983.

    (An edition and translation of De primo principio. The revised edition adds an extensive commentary.)

References and further reading

In addition to the works noted below, the proceedings of the International Scotistic Congress (Congressus Scotisticus Internationalis) contain many articles on all aspects of Scotus’ thought. See De doctrina Ioannis Duns Scoti, Rome: Cura Commissionis Scotisticae, 1968, 4 vols; Deus et homo ad mentem I. Duns Scoti, Rome: Societas Internationalis Scotisticae, 1972; Regnum hominis et regnum Dei, ed. C. Bérubé, Rome: Societas Internationalis Scotistica, 1978, 2 vols; Homo et Mundus, ed. C. Bérubé, Rome: Societas Internationalis Scotistica, 1981.

  • Adams, M.M. (1982) ‘Universals in the Fourteenth Century’, in N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny and J. Pinborg (eds) The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 411–439.

    (Includes comparison of Scotus and Ockham on universals.)

  • Boler, J. (1993) ‘Transcending the Natural: Duns Scotus on the Two Affections of the Will’, American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 67: 109–122.

    (Discussion of affectio commodi and affectio iustitiae.)

  • Brown, J. (1976) ‘Duns Scotus on Henry of Ghent’s Arguments for Divine Illumination: The Statement of the Case’, Vivarium 14 (1): 94–113.

    (Detailed examination of Scotus’ rejection of illumination.)

  • Brown, S. (1965) ‘Avicenna and the Unity of the Concept of Being: The Interpretations of Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, Gerard of Bologna and Peter Aureoli’, Franciscan Studies 25: 117–150.

    (History of the problem of univocity.)

  • Cress, D. (1975) ‘Toward a Bibliography on Duns Scotus on the Existence of God’, Franciscan Studies 35: 45–65.

    (Scholarship on this topic in Scotus is nearly the size of that for Descartes.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1984) ‘The quaestio si est and the Metaphysical Proof for the Existence of God according to Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus’, Franziskanische Studien 66: 335–367.

    (General metaphysical background in Henry of Ghent assumed by Scotus’ proof.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1987–9) ‘The Univocity of Being in the Fourteenth Century’, Mediaeval Studies 49: 1–75; 50: 186–256; (with S. Brown) 51: 1–129.

    (Technical and detailed history of univocity among Scotus’ followers. Contains previously unedited texts.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1988) ‘The Necessary Connection of Prudence to the Moral Virtues according to John Duns Scotus – Revisited’, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 55: 184–206.

    (Refutes Lottin’s interpretation that Scotus subscribes to the Aristotelian theory of the connection of the virtues.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1989) ‘The Scientific Character of Theology and the Origin of Duns Scotus’ Distinction between Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition’, Speculum 64 (3): 579–599.

    (Argues primary application of the distinction is theological.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1992) ‘Transcendental Being: Scotus and Scotists’, Topoi 11: 135–148.

    (Interpretation given to univocity by Scotus’ followers.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1995a) ‘The Origin of Scotus’ Theory of Synchronic Contingency’, The Modern Schoolman 72 (January–March) 149–168.

    (Peter Olivi’s influence on Scotus’ doctrine of will.)

  • Dumont, S.D. (1995b) ‘The Question on Individuation in Scotus’ Quaestiones in Metaphysicam’, in L. Sileo (ed.) Vita Scoti. Methodologica ad mentem Joannis Duns Scoti, Rome: Edizioni Antonianum, vol. 1.193–227.

    (Against the traditional view that the version of the theory in the Metaphysics is earlier than that of the Sentences.)

  • Frank, W.A. (1992) ‘Duns Scotus on Autonomous Freedom and Divine Co-Causality’, Medieval Philosophy and Theology 2: 142–164.

    (Interesting analysis of an acute difficulty for Scotus’ notion of free will.)

  • Gilson, É. (1952) Jean Duns Scot. Introduction à ses positions fondamentales (John Duns Scotus: Introduction to His Fundamental Positions), Paris: Vrin.

    (The most recent comprehensive book on Scotus’ philosophy, but of limited value owing to its failure to take account of Henry of Ghent.)

  • Honnefelder, L. (1979) Ens inquantum ens. Der Begriff des Seienden als solchen als Gegenstand der Metaphysik nach der Lehre des Johannes Duns Scotus (Being qua Being: The Concept of Being as such as the Object of Metaphysics in the Thought of John Duns Scotus), Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Neue Folge 16, Münster: Aschendorff.

    (Extensive work on Scotus’ conception of the science of metaphysics.)

  • Ingham, M.E. (1989) Ethics And Freedom: An Historical–Critical Investigation Of Scotist Ethical Thought, Washington, DC: University Press of America.

    (Argues that Scotus’ ethics emphasizes efficient rather than final cause.)

  • Kent, B. (1996) Virtues of Will: The Transformation of Ethics in the Late Thirteenth Century, Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.

    (Excellent study referring to Scotus throughout. Argues that Scotus is more moderate and indebted over his doctrine of will than commonly portrayed.)

  • King, P. (1992) ‘Duns Scotus on the Common Nature and the Individual Difference’, Philosophical Topics 20 (2): 51–76.

    (Detailed philosophical analysis of theory of individuation.)

  • Marenbon, J. (1987) Later Medieval Philosophy (1150–1350), London: Routledge, 154–168.

    (Contains chapter on Scotus’ epistemology addressing issue of ‘intellective memory’.)

  • Marrone, S. (1983) ‘The Notion of Univocity in Duns Scotus’ Early Works’, Franciscan Studies 43: 347–395.

    (Traces evolution of the doctrine in Scotus, who appears to have initially denied univocity.)

  • Marrone, S. (1988) ‘Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus on the Knowledge of Being’, Speculum 63 (1): 22–57.

    (Argues than Henry and Scotus are closer than usually admitted.)

  • Owens, J. (1948) ‘Up to What Point is God Included in the Metaphysics of Duns Scotus?’, Mediaeval Studies 10: 163–177.

    (Analysis of Scotus’ difficult opening question in his Metaphysics on the subject of metaphysics.)

  • Owens, J. (1957) ‘Common Nature: A Point of Comparison between Thomistic and Scotistic Metaphysics’, Mediaeval Studies 19: 1–14.

    (Influential article on the treatment of Avicennian common nature by Aquinas and Scotus.)

  • Philosophy of John Duns Scotus in Commemoration of the 700th Anniversary of His Birth, (1965) special edition of The Monist 49.

    (Collection of articles.)

  • Prentice, R. (1968) ‘The Voluntarism of Duns Scotus as seen in his Comparison of the Intellect and the Will’, Franciscan Studies 28: 63–103.

    (Detailed examination of Scotus’ analysis of Henry of Ghent’s position that the will is higher than the intellect and Aquinas’ position to the opposite.)

  • Ryan, J.K. and Bonansea, B. (1965) ‘John Duns Scotus, 1265–1965’, in J.K. Ryan and B. Bonansea (eds) Studies in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy 3, Washington, DC: Catholic University of America.

    (Very useful and now standard collection of articles.)

  • Schaefer, O. (1955) Bibliographia de vita operibus et doctrina Ioannis Duns Scoti, Saec. XIX–XX (Bibliography of the Life, Works and Doctrine of John Duns Scotus), Rome: Orbis Catholicus-Herder.

    (Standard bibliography that includes anything remotely to do with Scotus.)

  • Schaefer, O. (1967) ‘Resenha abreviada da bibliographia escotista mais recente (1954–1966)’ (A Short List of More Recent Scotistic Bibliography), Revistas Portuguesa de Filosofia 23: 338–363.

    (Addendum to above.)

  • Sileo, L. (1995) Via Scoti. Methodologica ad mentem Joannis Duns Scoti (The Way of Scotus: Methodology in the Thought of John Duns Scotus), Rome: Edizioni Antonianum, 2 vols.

    (Massive collection of articles on Scotus in all languages.)

  • Wolter, A.B. (1946) The Transcendentals and Their Function in the Philosophy of Duns Scotus, St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute.

    (A study still regarded as the best introduction to Scotus’ metaphysics.)

  • Wolter, A.B. (1990) The Philosophical Theology of John Duns Scotus, ed. M. Adams, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Collection of many of Wolter’s excellent and clear articles on Scotus covering main topics in his epistemology, metaphysics and theory of will.)

  • Wolter, A.B. (1993) Duns Scotus, special issue of American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 67.

    (Dedicated issue of the journal. Contain excellent and up-to-date introduction to Scotus’ life and works by Wolter.)

  • Wood, R., Honnefelder, L. and Dreyer, M. (1996) John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics, Leiden: Brill.

    (Collection of articles.)

Citing this article:
Dumont, Stephen D.. Bibliography. Duns Scotus, John (c.1266–1308), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-B035-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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