Gerard, Alexander (1728–95)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DB032-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 20, 2024, from

List of works

  • Gerard, A. (1759) An Essay on Taste, London: Miller; 3rd edn repr. Gainsville, FL: Scholars’ Facsimiles and Reprints, 1963.

    (Gerard’s prize essay for The Edinburgh Society for the Encouragement of the Arts, Sciences, Manufactures and Agriculture. The Essay on Taste shifts internal sense toward a theory of imagination and association. Includes a useful introduction by W.J. Hipple, Jr.)

  • Gerard, A. (1774) An Essay on Genius, London: Strahan; repr. ed. B. Fabian, Munich: Fink.

    (Less widely read because it fails to break new ground. Continues Gerard’s emphasis on imagination and association as the leading concepts of an aesthetic psychology.)

References and further reading

  • Dickie, G. (1996) The Century of Taste, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A defence of Hume against the forms of association advocated by Alison and Gerard.)

  • Kivy, P. (1976) The Seventh Sense, New York: Burt Franklin.

    (Traces the concept of internal sense through eighteenth-century aesthetics.)

  • McCosh, J. (1875) The Scottish Philosophy, New York: Carter, 1911–2; repr. Bristol: Thoemmes, 1990.

    (Brief biographical sketch and commentary.)

  • Stulmitz, J. (1961) ‘Beauty: Some Stages in the History of Ideas’, Journal of the History of Ideas 22: 185–204.

    (Locates Gerard as the mediator between the internal sense theory of Hutcheson and the associationism of A. Alison.)

  • Townsend, D. (1987) ‘From Shaftesbury to Kant’, Journal of the History of Ideas 48: 287–305.

    (Traces the development of the empiricist tradition, including Gerard. Argues that activity of the mind is more important than association or sense to Gerard.)

Citing this article:
Townsend, Dabney. Bibliography. Gerard, Alexander (1728–95), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DB032-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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