Access to the full content is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Print

Contents

Gramsci, Antonio (1891–1937)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-S073-1
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-S073-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved October 21, 2018, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gramsci-antonio-1891-1937/v-1

Article Summary

An Italian Marxist theorist and activist, Gramsci’s main contribution lies in his critique of dialectical materialism. This school treated both the power of the bourgeois state and the prospects for its revolutionary overthrow and replacement by a stateless communist society as necessary consequences of the autonomous development of the economic forces of production. In contrast, Gramsci emphasized the relatively independent role played by politics and culture in upholding the authority of the state and in organizing popular resistance to it. A canonical figure of Western Marxism, he is credited with formulating a strategy applicable to all communist parties operating in the democratic states of advanced industrial societies. However, the posthumously published Quaderni del carcere (Prison Notebooks) elaborate on theoretical questions that had preoccupied Gramsci throughout most of his political career and which reflect peculiarities of the Italian political situation and traditions.

Print
Citing this article:
Bellamy, Richard. Gramsci, Antonio (1891–1937), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-S073-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gramsci-antonio-1891-1937/v-1.
Copyright © 1998-2018 Routledge.

Related Searches

Periods

Related Articles