Hartley, David (1705–1757)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DB036-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved October 27, 2021, from

List of works

  • Hartley, D. (1730) Conjecturae quaedam de sensu, motu, et idearum generatione, London; 2nd edn, Bath, 1746; repr. in S. Parr (ed.) Metaphysical Tracts, London, 1837.

    (The first statement of Hartley’s interests in the physiological basis of perception and ideation.)

  • Hartley, D. (1749) Observations on Man, His Frame, His Duty, and His Expectations, London: Leake & Frederick, 2 vols.

    (Hartley’s opus magnum, subsequently edited in ‘bowdlerized’ form by Joseph Priestley, sets out a materialist theory of the activity of mind, understood in terms of Newtonian corpuscular theory and a Providential reading of Christianity.)

References and further reading

  • Darwin, E. (1794–6) Zoonomia, London: J. Johnson, 2 vols; repr. New York: A.M.S. Press, 1974.

  • Darwin, E. (1803) Temple of Nature, London: J. Johnson; facsimile Menston: Scolar Press, 1973.

  • Gay, J. (1731) A Dissertation concerning the Fundamental Principle and Immediate Criterion of Virtue, London: W. Thurlborn.

  • Godwin, W. (1793) An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, London: Robinson; revised 1796, 1798.

  • Halévy, E. (1928) The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism, trans. M. Morris, London: Faber & Faber; rev. edn, London: Faber & Faber, 1934.

    (By far the best survey of the radical intellectual tradition of which Hartley formed a part.)

  • Oberg, B.B. (1976) ‘David Hartley and the Association of Ideas’, Journal of the History of Ideas 37: 441–454.

    (The best brief account of Hartley’s psychology.)

  • Smith, C.U.M. (1987) ‘David Hartley’s Newtonian Neuropsychology’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 23: 123–136.

    (This offers a lucid exegesis of the largely Newtonian physical theories underpinning Hartley’s science.)

  • Webb, M.E. (1988) ‘A New History of Hartley’s Observations on Man’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 24: 202–211.

    (Insists upon the importance of the iatrophysical medical theories of the early eighteenth century as a major context for Hartley’s doctrines.)

  • Webb, M.E. (1989) ‘The Early Medical Studies and Practice of Dr David Hartley’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 63: 618–636.

    (Informative on Hartley’s medical career.)

  • Young, R.M. (1972) ‘David Hartley’, Dictionary of Scientific Biography 6, New York: Scribner, 138–140.

    (An exposition of Hartley’s views which stresses the debts of later theorists to him.)

  • Young, R.M. (1973) ‘Association of Ideas’, Dictionary of the History of Ideas, ed. P.P. Wiener, New York: Scribner, 111–118.

    (A fine account of the post-Lockean tradition of associationism which stresses the major part played by Hartley.)

Citing this article:
Porter, Roy. Bibliography. Hartley, David (1705–1757), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DB036-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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