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Horkheimer, Max (1895–1973)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N073-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 25, 2024, from

Article Summary

One of the initiators and founders of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt, Germany, Max Horkheimer’s philosophical importance derives from his programmatic essays of the 1930s in which he conceptualized the Institute’s project of interdisciplinary research, and his later collaboration with Theodor W. Adorno in writing Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947). Horkheimer’s vision of a ’critical theory’ of society was intended as a reformulation of Marxist theory in which empirical research would be combined with philosophical reflection.

Citing this article:
Bernstein, J.M.. Horkheimer, Max (1895–1973), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N073-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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