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Ibn Daud, Abraham (c.1110–c.1180)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-J013-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved December 02, 2023, from

Article Summary

Ibn Daud was born in Cordoba and died in Toledo. In Jewish texts he is known as Rabad, an acronym of his Hebrew name, Rabbi Abraham ben David. He was known to medieval Christian philosophers by a variety of names, including Avendauth and possibly John of Spain as well. His Sefer ha-Kabbalah (The Book of Tradition), regarded by some scholars as the first comprehensive study of Jewish history, is an extended argument for the authority of rabbinic Judaism on the grounds that it is an unbroken tradition of authentic sources, from the Mosaic origins through the first two Jewish commonwealths, the exile, and down to the author’s time. His major work in philosophy is Al-‘Aqida al-Rafi‘a (The Exalted Faith), composed in 1160 in Judaeo-Arabic, the form of Arabic written in Hebrew characters that was commonly used by Jewish scholars and thinkers in the Muslim milieu. It survives only in two late fourteenth-century Hebrew translations, one by Samuel Motot, entitled Ha-Emunah ha-Nissa’ah, and the other, better known, by Solomon ibn Labi, entitled Ha-Emunah ha-Ramah.

Citing this article:
Samuelson, Norbert M.. Ibn Daud, Abraham (c.1110–c.1180), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-J013-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2023 Routledge.

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