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Ibn Gabirol, Solomon (1021/2–57/8)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-J005-1
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-J005-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved August 04, 2020, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/ibn-gabirol-solomon-1021-2-57-8/v-1

Article Summary

Ibn Gabirol was an outstanding exemplar of the Judaeo–Arabic symbiosis of medieval Muslim Spain, a poet as well as the author of prose works in both Hebrew and Arabic. His philosophical masterwork, the Mekor Hayyim (Fountain of Life), was well known to the Latin scholastics in its twelfth century Latin translation, the Fons Vitae. The work presents a Neoplatonic conception of reality, with a creator God at the apex. The universal hylomorphism that pervades the created order, both spiritual and corporeal, has divine will as the intermediary between God and creation, allowing Ibn Gabirol to avoid the rigidly determinist emanationism of his Greek predecessors. The Fons Vitae challenged such philosophers as Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus to critical reflections regarding individuation and personal immortality.

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Citing this article:
Frank, Daniel H.. Ibn Gabirol, Solomon (1021/2–57/8), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-J005-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/ibn-gabirol-solomon-1021-2-57-8/v-1.
Copyright © 1998-2020 Routledge.

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