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Ibn Tzaddik, Joseph ben Jacob (d. 1149)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-J012-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved June 10, 2023, from

Article Summary

Joseph ibn Tzaddik was a thinker firmly within the Neoplatonic tradition of Jewish philosophy. He argued that through knowledge of our own body we understand the natural world, and through knowledge of our soul the spiritual world. He identified prophecy with philosophy and suggested that we need to employ both philosophy and the religious commandments in order to worship God. Not everyone can understand philosophy, but everyone can follow the commandments and thus approach God. Human beings will receive their deserts in the next world. The pure soul will rise to the realm of spirituality, while the evil soul will be heavy and sink into matter, never achieving repose but continually caught up in the movement of the spheres.

Citing this article:
Rudavsky, Tamar. Ibn Tzaddik, Joseph ben Jacob (d. 1149), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-J012-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2023 Routledge.

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