Version: v1, Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 24, 2018, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/locke-john-1632-1704/v-1
List of works
(Useful introduction and notes. The ‘tracts’, the first in English, the second in Latin, debate ‘Whether the Civil Magistrate may lawfully impose and determine the use of indifferent things in reference to Religious Worship?’ Contrary to his later stance, Locke argues in these early manuscripts for the right of the magistrate to regulate religious observance for the sake of public peace.)
Locke, J. (c. 1660–2b) ‘An necesse sit dari in Ecclesia infallibilem Sacro Sanctae Scripturae interpretem?’ (Is it necessary to have in the Church an infallible interpreter of Holy Scripture?), ed. J.C. Biddle in ‘John Locke’s Essay on Infallibility: Introduction, Text, and Translation’, Journal of Church and State 19 (1977): 301–327.
Locke, J. (1664) Essays on the Law of Nature, ed. and trans. W. von Leyden, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954; ed. and trans. R. Horwitz, J. Strauss Clay and D. Clay as Questions concerning the Law of Nature, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Locke, J. (1667) An Essay concerning Toleration, in John Locke: Writings on Politics, Law and Religious Toleration 1667–1683, ed. J.R. Milton and P. Milton, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
Locke, J. (?) (c. 1668) ‘De Arte Medica’, in H.R.F. Bourne The Life of John Locke, 2 vols, London: Henry S. King, 1876, vol.1, 222–227; repr. in K. Dewhurst Dr Thomas Sydenham (1624–1689): His Life and Original Writings, London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1966.
Locke, J. (1671) Drafts for the Essay concerning Human Understanding, and Other Philosophical Writings, vol. 1, ed. P.H. Nidditch and G.A.J. Rogers, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990–.
(Volume I contains Drafts A and B (1671); the forthcoming volumes II and III contain Draft C (1685) and associated manuscript material. Together they cast considerable light on the development and significance of Locke’s general philosophy, including projected, but unfinished chapters of the Essay.)
(Review, by an admiring layman, of Newton’s Principia.)
Locke, J. (1688) ‘Abrégé d’un ouvrage intitulé Essai philosophique touchant l’entendement’, Bibliothèque universelle et historique; separately published as Extrait d’un livre anglois… intitulé Essai philosophique concernant l’entendement…, Amsterdam, 1688; trans. as ‘An Extract of a Book, Entituled, A Philosophical Essay upon Human Understanding’, in The young-students-library, containing extracts and abridgements…, London, 1692; in Drafts for the Essay concerning Human Understanding, and Other Philosophical Writings, vol. 3, ed. P.H. Nidditch and G.A.J. Rogers, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3 vols, 1990–.
Locke, J. (1689) Epistola de Tolerantia, Gouda; ed. R. Klibansky Epistola de Tolerantia: A Letter on Toleration, trans., intro. and notes J.W. Gough, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968; trans W. Popple as A Letter concerning Toleration, London, 1689, 2nd edn, 1690, ed. J. Tully, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1983.
(Originally published in December 1689 but carrying the date 1690. Locke’s chief and greatest work, arguing comprehensively that what we can think and know is limited by the way we experience the world, attacking dogmatic pretensions to grasp the essences of things, and affirming that ‘reason must be our last judge and guide in everything’, including morals and religion.)
Locke, J. (1689/90b) Two Treatises of Government, ed. P. Laslett, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960, 2nd edn, 1967; ed. I. Harris, with associated manuscript material, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
(In the First Treatise ‘the False Principles and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer and His Followers are Detected and Overthrown’ – that is, the patriarchal theory of monarchy. The Second Treatise, ‘an Essay concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil-Government’, is a major classic of political theory, arguing that government is morally, and should be constitutionally, answerable to the governed. Laslett’s influential introduction stimulated continuing debate as to the immediate context and purposes of Two Treatises, and its relation to the rest of Locke’s thought.)
Locke, J. (1691/2) Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and raising the Value of Money, in Locke on Money, ed. P.H. Kelly, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Locke, J. (1697b) A Letter to the Right Reverend Edward, Lord Bishop of Worcester, Concerning some Passages relating to Mr. Locke’s Essay of humane Understanding: In a late Discourse of his Lordship’s, in Vindication of the Trinity, London; in The Works of John Locke, vol. 4, London, 11th edn, 1823; repr. in The Locke–Stillingfleet Debate, ed. M.A. Stewart, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
(Stimulated by the theological objections of Edward Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester, Locke explains in particular, in this Letter and two further Replies (1697/1699), his theories of substance, real and nominal essence, and personal identity, and his agnostic attitude towards the issue between dualism and materialism. M.A. Stewart’s edition will contain Stillingfleet’s contributions to the debate.)
Locke, J. (1697c) Mr Locke’s Reply to the… Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to his Letter…, London; in The Works of John Locke, vol. 4, London, 11th edn, 1823; repr. in The Locke–Stillingfleet Debate, ed. M.A. Stewart, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University press, forthcoming.
Locke, J. (1699) Mr. Locke’s Reply to the…Bishop of Worcester’s Answer to his Second Letter…, in The Works of John Locke, vol. 4, London, 11th edn, 1823; in The Locke–Stillingfleet Debate, ed. M.A. Stewart, Clarendon Edition, Oxford: Oxford University press, forthcoming.
References and further reading
(The most comprehensive commentary on the Essay, interpreting and assessing Locke’s arguments in their intellectual context, but also offering detailed argument with respect to their continuing philosophical significance.)
(Contains an attack on Locke’s Reasonableness which, together with further attacks in Socinianism unmask’d (1696), The Socinian Creed (1697), and A brief vindication of the fundamental articles of the Christian faith…from Mr. Lock’s reflections upon them (1697), stimulated Locke’s own Vindication (1695b), and Second Vindication (1697c).)
(King had access to the manuscripts Locke left to his cousin, an earlier Peter King – Lord Chancellor and first Baron King – most of which are now in the Lovelace collection in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. This ‘biography’ is an ill-organized selection from these journals, papers and letters, but for many years was a valuable source of information otherwise inaccessible, and records some materials since lost.)
(Stillingfleet’s argument against toleration of nonconformity in this and his subsequent The Unreasonableness of Separation (1681) stimulated Locke and Tyrrell to compose a point-by-point rebuttal (1681–3).)
Ayers, Michael. Bibliography. Locke, John (1632–1704), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DA054-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/locke-john-1632-1704/v-1/bibliography/locke-john-1632-1704-bib.
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