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Masaryk, Tomáš Garrigue (1850–1937)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N069-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 20, 2024, from

Article Summary

Masaryk was a philosopher, sociologist, politician and first president of the Czechoslovak Republic (1918–35). Initially he aimed to change the Habsburg monarchy into a democratic federal state, but during the First World War he began to favour the abolition of the monarchy and, with the help of the Allied powers and the Czechoslovakian foreign armed forces, won independence for his nation. Masaryk’s philosophy of history posited democracy achieving victory over theocracy as a stage in world evolution. He regarded democracy as both a political system and a humanistic world outlook.

Citing this article:
Zumr, Josef. Masaryk, Tomáš Garrigue (1850–1937), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N069-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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