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Mencius (4th century BC)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-G047-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 13, 2024, from

Article Summary

Mencius (Mengzi) was a Chinese Confucian philosopher, best known for his claim that human nature is good. He is probably the single most influential philosopher in the Chinese tradition, in that an interpretation of his thought became the basis of the civil service examinations in China in the fourteenth century and remained so for almost 600 years. The primary source for his thought is the collection of his sayings, debates and discussions known as the Mengzi.

Citing this article:
Van Norden, Bryan W.. Mencius (4th century BC), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-G047-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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