Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (1908–61)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DD045-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 23, 2024, from

List of works

There is a complete list of Merleau-Ponty’s works, together with what was then a full list of secondary literature in: Lapointe, F. and Lapointe, C. (1976) Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his Critics: An International Bibliography, New York: Garland.

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1942) La Structure de comportement, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France; trans. A. Fisher, The Structure of Behavior, Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1963.

    (Merleau-Ponty here develops his ‘dialectical’ approach to psychology.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1945) Phénoménologie de la perception, Paris: Gallimard; trans. C. Smith, The Phenomenology of Perception, London: Routledge, 1962.

    (Merleau-Ponty’s major work, using psychology to reconstruct classical phenomenology.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1946) ‘L’existentialisme chez Hegel’ (‘Existentialism in Hegel’), Les Temps modernes 1: 1311–1319; repr. in Sens et non-sens, Paris: Nagel, 1948; trans. H.L. Dreyfus and P.A. Dreyfus, Sense and Non-Sense, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1964, 63–70.

    (Discusses the existentialist themes in Hegel’s thought.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1947) Humanisme et terreur, Paris: Gallimard; trans. J. O’Neill, Humanism and Terror, Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1969.

    (Merleau-Ponty’s Marxist response to Koestler’s Darkness at Noon; an unconvincing critique of liberal politics.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1948) Sens et non-sens, Paris: Gallimard; trans. H. Dreyfus and P. Dreyfus, Sense and Non-Sense, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1964.

    (A collection of Merleau-Ponty’s early essays, including some on literature and painting.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1955) Les Aventures de la dialectique, Paris: Gallimard; trans. J. Bien, Adventures of the Dialectic, London: Heinemann, 1974.

    (A collection of essays on Marxism, including Merleau-Ponty’s critique of Sartre’s ‘ultra-bolshevism’.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1960) Signes, Paris: Gallimard; trans. R. McCleary, Signs, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1964.

    (Merleau-Ponty’s later essays, including some on language.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1964) Le Visible et l’invisible, ed. C. Lefort, Paris: Gallimard; trans. A. Lingis, The Visible and the Invisible, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1968.

    (Merleau-Ponty’s incomplete attempt to rework the central themes of his phenomenology.)

  • Merleau-Ponty, M. (1969) La Prose du monde, ed. C. Lefort, Paris: Gallimard; trans. J. O’Neill, The Prose of the World, London: Heinemann, 1974.

    (The text of a projected book on language, abandoned in 1952.)

References and further reading

  • Archard, D. (1980) Marxism and Existentialism, Belfast: Blackstaff Press.

    (A useful guide to the quarrel between Merleau-Ponty and Sartre.)

  • Edie, J. (1987) Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Language: Structuralism and Dialectics, Washington, DC: University Press of America.

    (An authoritative discussion by one of America’s leading scholars.)

  • Goldstein, K. (1934) Der Aufbau der Organismus, The Hague: Nijhoff; trans. The Organism, New York: American Book, 1938.

    (A classic work on the holistic aspect of the life of organisms, on which Merleau-Ponty relies in The Structure of Behavior.)

  • Hadreas, P. (1986) In Place of the Flawed Diamond, New York: Peter Lang.

    (A short but thoughtful Heideggerian account of Merleau-Ponty’s work.)

  • Husserl, E. (1931) Méditations cartésiennes, Paris: Colin; trans. D. Cairns, Cartesian Meditations, The Hague: Nijhoff, 1960.

    (Husserl’s Paris lectures, which Merleau-Ponty attended as a student in 1929.)

  • Madison, G. (1981) The Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty, Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

    (A general survey, especially useful in elucidating the significance of themes from Merleau-Ponty’s later writings.)

  • Mallin, S. (1979) Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (An account which focuses on Merleau-Ponty as a phenomenologist.)

  • O’Neill, J. (1970) Perception, Expression and History, Evanston IL: Northwestern University Press; repr. as the introduction to J. O’Neil (ed.) Phenomenology, Language and Sociology, London: Heinemann, 1974, xi–lxii.

    (Although this latter volume is primarily a useful selection of Merleau-Ponty’s essays, it contains O’Neill’s important essay, which focuses on Merleau-Ponty’s political writings, and a bibliography of works on Merleau-Ponty up to 1972.)

  • Olafson, F. (1967) ‘A Central theme of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy’, in E. Lee and M. Mandelbaum (eds) Phenomenology and Existentialism, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 179–205.

    (An excellent introduction to Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of perception, by a scholar who also contributed an excellent article on Merleau-Ponty to Edwards’ Encyclopedia of Philosophy.)

  • Sartre, J.-P. (1943) L’Être et le néant, Paris: Gallimard; trans. H. Barnes, Being and Nothingness, New York: The Philosophical Library, 1956.

    (Sartre’s classic work of existential phenomenology which Merleau-Ponty criticizes at the end of The Phenomenology of Perception.)

  • Sartre, J.-P. (1961) ‘Merleau-Ponty vivant’, Les Temps modernes 17 (184–5): 304–376; repr. in Situations IV, Paris: Gallimard, 1964; trans. B. Eisler, Situations IV, New York: Brazilier, 1965.

    (Sartre’s moving and intelligent tribute to his old comrade; the whole issue of Les Temps modernes is taken up with tributes to Merleau-Ponty, from Lefort, Lacan and others. Curiously, Sartre’s published text is an almost complete replacement of another, even better, text which is published in translation as ‘Merleau-Ponty (I)’, Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 15 (2): 128–58.)

  • Waelhens, A. de (1969) Une Philosophie de l’ambiguité (revised edition), Louvain: Publications Universitaires de Louvain.

    (Still the best general account of Merleau-Ponty’s work, especially good at situating it in relation to the work of other philosophers.)

Citing this article:
Baldwin, Thomas. Bibliography. Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (1908–61), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DD045-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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