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Mozi (5th century BC)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-G049-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 14, 2024, from

Article Summary

Mozi was the first philosopher to question the ideas of Confucius. Scholarly debate centres around the issue of whether Mozi was a ‘weak’ or a ‘strong’ utilitarian, an ‘act’ or ‘rule utilitarian’, and whether he was a ‘language utilitarian’ or rather placed the religious authority of a personalized Heaven at the centre of his system. He is noteworthy for being the first thinker to develop a tripartite methodology for verifying claims to knowledge and for attacking the Confucian emphasis on ritual and the centrality of the family as the basis for social and political action.

Citing this article:
Yates, Robin D.S.. Mozi (5th century BC), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-G049-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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