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Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (1775–1854)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-DC068-1
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DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC068-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 14, 2024, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/schelling-friedrich-wilhelm-joseph-von-1775-1854/v-1

List of works

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1856–61) Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Division 1 (4 vols), Division 2 (4 vols), Stuttgart: Cotta.

    (An easily accessible, substantial selection of the complete works has been published as Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling, Ausgewählte Schriften, ed. M. Frank, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985, 6 vols.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1946) Die Weltalter, ed. M. Schröter, Munich: Biederstein.

    (This has other versions than the version from 1813 printed in the Sämmtliche Werke.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1976–) Historisch-kritische Ausgabe, im Auftrag der Schelling-Kommission der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, ed. H.M. Baumgartner, W.G. Jacobs and H. Krings, Stuttgart.

    (This is still a long way from completion, but will become the new standard edition.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1794) Über die Möglichkeit einer Form der Philosophie überhaupt, trans. and with commentary by F. Marti, On the Possibility of an Absolute Form of Philosophy, in The Unconditional in Human Knowledge: Four early essays 1794–6, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1980.

    (Argues the need for an ‘absolute founding proposition’ in philosophy in the light of Reinhold’s attempt to establish the foundations Kant had failed ultimately to provide.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1795a) Vom Ich als Prinzip der Philosophie oder über das Unbedingte im menschlichen Wissen, trans. and with commentary by F. Marti, Of the I as the Principle of Philosophy or on the Unconditional in Human Knowledge, in The Unconditional in Human Knowledge: Four early essays 1794–6, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1980.

    (Attempts in a mainly Fichtean manner to establish the ‘unconditioned’ for philosophy in the wake of Kant.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1795b) Philosophische Briefe über Dogmatismus und Kriticismus, trans. and with commentary by F. Marti, Philosophical Letters on Dogmatism and Criticism, in The Unconditional in Human Knowledge: Four early essays 1794–6, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1980.

    (Schelling’s attempt to reconcile a Spinozist and a Fichtean account of the Absolute.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1796–7) Abhandlungen zur Erläuterung des Idealismus der Wissenschaftslehre (Essays in Explanation of the Idealism of the Doctrine of Science), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (1) 345–452.

    (Further exploration of Kantian and Fichtean questions concerning the foundation of philosophy.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1797) Ideen zu einer Philosophie der Natur als Einleitung in das Studium dieser Wissenschaft, trans. E.E. Harris and P. Heath, with intro. by R. Stern, Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature: Introduction to the Study of This Science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

    (First version of a system of Naturphilosophie, which begins to move away from Fichte.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1799) Erster Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie (First Plan of a System of the Philosophy of Nature), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (3) 5–268.

    (Further attempt to develop a systematic Naturphilosophie.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1800) System des transcendentalen Idealismus, trans. P. Heath, with intro. by M. Vater, System of Transcendental Idealism Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1978.

    (Remarkably internally consistent account of the history of self-consciousness, using a model which Hegel will adopt in the Phenomenology. Sees art as the ‘organ of philosophy’.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1801a) Darstellung meines Systems der Philosophie (Presentation of My System of Philosophy), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (4) 107–212.

    (First, clearly flawed, presentation of the ‘identity philosophy’.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1801b) Über den wahren Begriff der Naturphilosophie und die richtige Art, ihre Probleme zu lösen (On the True Concept of the Philosophy of Nature and the Right Way to Solve its Problems), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (4) 81–103.

    (The text in which Schelling clearly distances his philosophy from that of Fichte for the first time.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1802) Bruno oder über das göttliche und natürliche Prinzip der Dinge, trans. and with intro. by M. Vater, Bruno, or On the Natural and the Divine Principle of Things, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1984.

    (Further explorations of questions of Naturphilosophie and ‘identity philosophy’.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1802–3) Philosophie der Kunst, trans. The Philosophy of Art, Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota University Press, 1989.

    (The first work ever to carry this title: a systematic presentation of the philosophical significance of the differing forms of art. Particularly impressive in relation to music.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1803) Vorlesungen über die Methode des akademischen Studiums, trans. E.S. Morgan, ed. N. Guterman, On University Studies, Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1966.

    (Texts concerned with the nature of university study which relate to the foundation of new German universities at this time.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1804a) System der gesammten Philosophie und der Naturphilosophie insbesondere (System of the Whole of Philosophy and the Philosophy of Nature in Particular), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (6) 133–577.

    (The most coherent and important version of the ‘identity philosophy’. The philosophical reflections are among Schelling’s most important: the account of Naturphilosophie is at times merely bizarre.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1804b) Philosophie und Religion (Philosophy and Religion), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (6) 13–70.

    (Text in which Schelling first makes the distinction between ‘negative’ and ‘positive’ philosophy. Also signals the beginning of the move away from the Spinozist aspects of the ‘identity philosophy’.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1806a) Darlegung des wahren Verhältnisses der Naturphilosophie zu der verbesserten Fichteschen Lehre (Explanation of the True Relationship of the Naturphilosophie to the Improved Fichtean Doctrine), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (7) 3–126.

    (Contains important formulations of the principles of identity philosophy.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1806b) Aphorismen zur Einleitung in die Naturphilosophie (Aphorisms as an Introduction to the Philosophy of Nature), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (7) 140–197.

    (Further important development of the mature identity philosophy.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1807) Über das Verhältnis der bildenden Künste zur Natur (On the Relationship of the Fine Arts to Nature), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (7) 291–329.

    (Further development of Schelling’s conception of art.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1809) Philosophische Untersuchungen über das Wesen der menschlichen Freiheit und die damit zusammenhängenden Gegenstände, trans. and with critical notes by J. Gutmann, Of Human Freedom, Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1936.

    (The text which inaugurates a major change in Schelling’s thought, which is concerned with the question of evil and its relation to human freedom, and with God’s relationship to nature.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1810) Stuttgarter Privatvorlesungen (Stuttgart Private Lectures), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (7) 419–484.

    (Takes up some of the themes from Of Human Freedom, developing them in a more systematic manner.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1811–15). Die Weltalter, trans. and with intro. and notes by F. de W. Bolman, Jr, The Ages of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.

    (Schelling’s attempt to give a metaphysical account of why the world becomes intelligible at all, and how the conflicts in reality can be grasped within philosophy. Contains vital remarks on the question of predication and identity.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1820–1) Initia Philosophiae Universae, ed. H. Fuhrmans, Bonn: Bouvier, 1969.

    (Important text which begins Schelling’s move away from Idealist philosophy. Contains key account of the problem of ‘reflection’, which paves the way for the critique of Hegel. Contains Ueber die Nature der Philosophie als Wissenschaft.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1821) Ueber die Nature der Philosophie als Wissenschaft (On the Nature of Philosophy as a Science), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 1 (9) 209–246.

    (Also contained in Initia Philosophiae Universae.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1827–8) System der Weltalter (System of the Ages of the World), ed. S. Peetz, Frankfurt: Klostermann, 1990.

    (Development of Die Weltalter. Contains one of the earlier attacks on Hegel’s system.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1830) Einleitung in die Philosophie (Introduction to Philosophy), ed. W.E. Ehrhardt (Schellingiana, vol. 11), Stuttgart: Frommann-Holzboog, 1989.

    (Further evidence of Schelling’s move away from the Idealist paradigm towards the ‘positive philosophy’.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1832–3) Grundlegung der positiven Philosophie (Foundations of the Positive Philosophy), ed. H. Fuhrmans, Turin: Bottega d’Erasmo, 1972.

    (First extant systematic account of the ‘positive philosophy’, contains vital remarks against Hegel’s account of reason.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (c. 1833–4) Zur Geschichte der neueren Philosophie, trans. and with intro. by A. Bowie, On the History of Modern Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

    (Uniquely valuable account of the history of philosophy from Descartes to Schelling himself, covering Spinoza, Leibniz, Wolff, Kant, Fichte, Jacobi, and containing the most extensive extant critique of Hegel. A text which anticipates many of the major themes in European philosophy after Schelling.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1841–2) Philosophie der Offenbarung (Philosophy of Revelation), ed. M. Frank, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1977.

    (Illegally transcribed, but clearly accurate outline of the whole of the Philosophy of Revelation. Contains vital remarks on Hegel and positive philosophy. Excellent introduction.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1842) Philosophie der Mythologie (Philosophy of Mythology), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 2 (2) 3–674.

    (Remarkable historical account of the emergence and development of mythology: contains important methodological reflections on the study of mythology that influenced many subsequent thinkers.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (1842–3) Philosophie der Offenbarung (Philosophy of Revelation), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 2 (3) 3–530.

    (The official version of Philosophy of Revelation, compiled by Schelling’s son. The first ten lectures contain some of Schelling’s most brilliant critical remarks on modern philosophy.)

  • Schelling, F.W.J. (between 1847 and 1852) Philosophische Einleitung in die Philosophie der Mythologie oder Darstellung der reinrationalen Philosophie (Philosophical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mythology or Presentation of the Purely Rational Philosophy), in Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, ed. K.F.A. Schelling, Stuttgart: Cotta, 2 (1) 255–572.

    (Important further reflections on negative and positive philosophy. Contains some of Schelling’s most significant remarks on ontology, particularly in relation to Aristotle and the question of being and non-being.)

References and further reading

  • Bowie, A. (1990) Aesthetics and Subjectivity: from Kant to Nietzsche, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    (Contains a chapter on Schelling which characterizes him in relation to Hölderlin and to Romantic and post-Romantic theories of aesthetics, and as a theorist of subjectivity who does not rely on the idea of self-presence.)

  • Bowie, A. (1993) Schelling and Modern European Philosophy: An Introduction, London: Routledge.

    (The first full-length account of Schelling in English to consider him as a major philosopher in his own right, rather than as a pendant to Hegel. Connects Schelling to issues in contemporary analytical and European philosophy.)

  • Fichte, J.G. (1971) Werke (Works), Berlin: de Gruyter, 1, 1.

    (The standard edition of Fichte’s writings; referred to in §1.)

  • Frank, M. (1975) Der unendliche Mangel an Sein (The Unending Lack of Being), Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

    (The classic modern account of Schelling’s critique of Hegel: a dense, very difficult, but indispensable work.)

  • Frank, M. (1985) Eine Einführung in Schellings Philosophie (An Introduction to Schelling’s Philosophy), Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

    (A detailed account of Schelling’s early work until the end of the identity philosophy: see §2.)

  • Frank, M. (1991) Selbstbewußtsein und Selbsterkenntnis (Self-Consciousness and Self-Knowledge), Stuttgart: Reclam.

    (Contains a vital essay on Schelling’s identity theory, ‘Identität und Subjektivität’ (Identity and Subjectivity), which sees the theory as a major event in Western philosophy.)

  • Frank, M. and Kurz, G. (1975) Materialien zu Schellings philosophischen Anfängen (Material on Schelling’s Philosophical Beginnings), Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

    (Essays on various aspects of Schelling’s philosophy between 1795 and 1804, with accompanying historical material.)

  • Heidegger, M. (1971) Schellings Abhandlung über das Wesen der menschlichen Freiheit (Schelling’s Essay on the Essence of Human Freedom), Tübingen: Niemeyer.

    (Dense and difficult, but essential commentary on Schelling’s On the Essence of Human Freedom, with material from later lectures by Heidegger. Referred to in §3.)

  • Henrich, D. (1982) Selbstverhältnisse (Self-Relationships), Stuttgart: Reclam.

    (Important essays on Schelling, Hegel and modern philosophy.)

  • Heuser-Kessler, M.-L. (1986) ‘Die Produktivität der Natur’ Schellings Naturphilosophie und das neue Paradigma der Selbstorganisation in den Naturwissenschaften (The ‘Productivity of Nature’, Schelling’s Naturphilosophie and the New Paradigm of Self-Organization in the Natural Sciences), Berlin: de Gruyter.

    (Claims that Schelling’s philosophy of nature can be linked to developments in non-linear dynamics and to the theory of self-organizing systems.)

  • Hogrebe, W. (1989) Prädikation und Genesis. Metaphysik als Fundamentalheuristik im Ausgang von Schellings ‘Die Weltalter’ (Predication and Genesis. Metaphysics as Fundamental Heuristics Beginning with Schelling’s ‘The Ages of the World’), Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

    (A brilliant, but demanding account of the Weltalter as a theory of predication, which uses the tools of analytical philosophy to show how consistent much of Schelling’s position is.)

  • Jähnig, D. (1966, 1969) Schelling, Die Kunst in der Philosophie (Schelling: Art in Philosophy), Pfullingen: Neske, 6 vols.

    (Detailed and impressive account of the importance of art for Schelling’s philosophy as a whole.)

  • Jaspers, K. (1955) Schelling: Größe und Verhängnis (Schelling: Greatness and Disaster), Munich: Piper.

    (An interesting, if outdated, account of Schelling’s life and work, which sees Schelling as failing to achieve his philosophical goals.)

  • Marx, W. (1984) The Philosophy of F.W.J. Schelling: History, System, Freedom, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

    (General and fairly accessible account, mainly of earlier work by Schelling, as far as On the Essence of Human Freedom.)

  • Sandkaulen-Bock, B. (1990) Ausgang vom Unbedingten. Über den Anfang in der Philosophie Schellings (Going Out from the Absolute: On the Beginning in the Philosophy of Schelling), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

    (Excellent account of Schelling’s response to questions posed in particular by Jacobi concerning the grounding of philosophy in the Absolute: historically detailed and very thorough on the early work.)

  • Sandkühler, H.J. (1970) Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Stuttgart: Metzler.

    (Contains bibliography, which complements that of Schneeberger (1954).)

  • Sandkühler, H.J. (1984) Natur und geschichtlicher Prozeß (Nature and Historical Process), Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.

    (Selection of essays on the philosophy of nature with useful bibliography of writings on that philosophy.)

  • Schneeberger, G. (1954) Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling. Eine Bibliographie, Bern: Franke.

    (The standard bibliography, to be complemented by those cited above.)

  • Scholz, H. (1916) Die Hauptschriften zum Pantheismusstreit zwischen Jacobi und Mendelssohn (The Main Texts in the Pantheism Controversy Between Jacobi and Mendelssohn), Berlin: Reuther & Reichard.

    (Contains most of the key texts by Jacobi in the Pantheism controversy.)

  • Schulz, W. (1975) Die Vollendung des deutschen Idealismus in der Spätphilosophie Schellings (The Completion of German Idealism in the Late Philosophy of Schelling), Pfullingen: Neske.

    (The book which reoriented the study of Schelling after the Second World War towards the study of the later work, particularly the critique of Hegel, and linked Schelling to Kierkegaard and Heidegger. Difficult but thought-provoking.)

  • Snow, D.E. (1996) Schelling and the End of Idealism, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    (Lucid historical and philosophical introduction to Schelling’s work from §§1–3. Excellent on the relationship to Jacobi, but does not deal with the Schelling of ‘positive philosophy’ and the critique of Hegel, §4.)

  • Tilliette, X. (1970) Schelling une philosophie en devenir (Schelling: A Philosophy in Development), Paris: Vrin, 2 vols.

    (Encyclopedic historical account of the development of Schelling’s work: stronger on general exposition and on theology than on Schelling’s philosophical arguments.)

  • Tilliette, X. (1983) Schelling: Introduction to the System of Freedom, New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press.

    (Good introduction to Schelling’s work as a whole, which tends to focus, though, on its undoubted weaknesses, at the expense of its strengths.)

  • Zizek, S. (1996) The Indivisible Remainder. An Essay on Schelling and Related Matters, London and New York: Verso.

    (Very wide-ranging, fascinating, but dense and often difficult reflections on the implications of Schelling’s relationship to Jacques Lacan and Hegel. Tends to underestimate the radical differences between Schelling and Hegel, but gives a very good sense of why Schelling matters to contemporary philosophy.)

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Citing this article:
Bowie, Andrew. Bibliography. Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (1775–1854), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC068-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/schelling-friedrich-wilhelm-joseph-von-1775-1854/v-1/bibliography/schelling-friedrich-wilhelm-joseph-von-1775-1854-bib.
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