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Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (1768–1834)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC071-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved June 21, 2024, from

Article Summary

Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher was the most notable German-speaking protestant theologian of the nineteenth century. He gave significant impetus to the re-orientation of theology after the Age of Enlightenment (see his speeches Über die Religion (On Religion) (1799), and also Kurze Darstellung des theologischen Studiums (Brief Outline of Theology as a Field of Study) (1811a)) and he enjoyed a wide audience in Berlin both as preacher and Professor of Theology and Philosophy. Throughout his life he was a fervent advocate of the union between the Lutheran and the Reformed Church established in the so-called Old Prussian Union, and his compendium Der christliche Glaube (The Christian Faith) (1821, 1822) is held to be the first dogmatics transcending the denominational boundaries between the Reformation Churches. His translation of Plato attained the status of a classic. In his university lectures and academic speeches on philosophy he made a profound and lasting impression on his audience, both in his historical and systematic thought. He also had an important hand in the reform of the German Universities. In theology and philosophy he strove to find an independent and intermediate position between the Enlightenment, German Idealism and Romanticism.

Citing this article:
Meckenstock, Gunter. Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (1768–1834), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC071-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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