Access to the full content is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Print

Contents

Shah Wali Allah (Qutb al-Din Ahmad al-Rahim) (1703–62)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-H045-1
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-H045-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved November 17, 2019, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/shah-wali-allah-qutb-al-din-ahmad-al-rahim-1703-62/v-1

Article Summary

Shah Wali Allah of Delhi, the greatest Muslim scholar of eighteenth-century India, made an immense contribution to the intellectual, economic, social, political and religious life of the Muslim community in India, the effects of which persist to the present day. He lived during a time when the Muslim empire was losing ground on the Indian subcontinent, with the Muslim community divided and at odds. Seeking to give theological and metaphysical issues a new rational interpretation and labouring to harmonize reason and revelation, he tried to reconcile the various factions of the Indian Muslims, thereby protecting the empire from collapse.

Shah Wali Allah contended that the root cause of the downfall of the Indian Muslims was their ignorance of the sacred scripture of Islam. He initiated a movement with the theme ‘Back to the Qur’an’, and translated the Qur’an into Persian to facilitate its understanding among all the Muslims of India. It is believed to be the first complete translation of the Qur’an from the Arabic by an Indian Muslim scholar.

Print
Citing this article:
Khan, Hafiz A. Ghaffar. Shah Wali Allah (Qutb al-Din Ahmad al-Rahim) (1703–62), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-H045-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/shah-wali-allah-qutb-al-din-ahmad-al-rahim-1703-62/v-1.
Copyright © 1998-2019 Routledge.

Related Searches

Regions

Religions

Related Articles