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Trotsky, Leon (1879–1940)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-S098-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved May 11, 2021, from

Article Summary

Trotsky’s chief claim to attention is as the leader of the Russian Revolution who opposed the consolidation of the Stalin regime in the Soviet Union and sought to dissociate the classical Marxist tradition from that regime and its official ideology. In doing so, however, he developed a version of Marxism which sought to give proper place to the ‘subjective factor’ in history, and at the same time to integrate Marx’s social theory into a broader, dialectical theory of nature.

Citing this article:
Callinicos, Alex. Trotsky, Leon (1879–1940), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-S098-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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