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Zhu Xi (1130–1200)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-G066-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 23, 2024, from

Article Summary

The Chinese neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi was a consummate scholar and classicist as well as a superb critical and synthetic thinker. He fused the ideas of the seminal eleventh-century thinkers Shao Yong, Zhou Tunyi, Zhang Zai, Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi into a grand philosophical synthesis. In addition, by effectively editing and annotating the essential classical Confucian texts – the Analects of Confucius – the Mengzi of Mencius, the Daxue (Great Learning) and the Zhongyong (Doctrine of the Mean) – as the Four Books, Zhu worked out a lasting renewal of the Confucian project.

Citing this article:
Thompson, Kirill Ole. Zhu Xi (1130–1200), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-G066-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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