Chattopadhyaya, D. (1964) Indian Philosophy: A Popular Introduction, Delhi: People’s Publishing House; repr. 1972.
(Lucid and accessible survey of Indian philosophical schools.)
Coward, H.G. and Kunjunni Raja, K. (1990) Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 5, The Philosophy of the Grammarians, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(A useful handbook. Contains a historical résumé and discussion of the main philosophical concerns. Summaries of works by language philosophers and grammarians comprise most of the volume.)
Larson, G. and Bhattacharya, R.S. (1987) Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 4, Sāṅkhya: A Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(A handbook containing a historical survey and discussion of Sāṅkhya philosophy. Most of the volume consists of summaries of the work of Sāṅkhya thinkers.)
Halbfass, W. (1991) Tradition and Reflection: Explorations in Indian Thought, New York: State University of New York Press.
(Asks new questions and develops novel ideas about important issues. The approach combines history, philology and hermeneutics.)
Halbfass, W. (1992) On Being and What There is: Classical Vaiśeṣika and the History of Indian Ontology, New York: State University of New York Press.
(A comprehensive study which includes a broad range of texts by the best classical thinkers.)
Mohanty, J. (1992) Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought: An Essay on the Nature of Indian Philosophical Thinking, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
(A modern philosopher trained in Western phenomenology and analytical philosophy interprets Indian philosophy, with reference to the original sources, for contemporary thinkers.)
Phillips, S.H. (1995) Classical Indian Metaphysics: Refutations of Realism and the Emergence of ‘New Logic’, La Salle, IL: Open Court.
(This book juxtaposes realists and idealists, focusing primarily on the systems of Old and New Logic, and gives responses to the arguments that the idealists directed against the Logicians.)
Potter, K.H. (1963) Presuppositions of India’s Philosophies, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
(Discusses issues in Indian philosophies, identifying liberation as the ultimate goal for most schools. In a very useful diagram, philosophers are arranged according to their stances on liberation.)
Potter, K.H. (1977) Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 2, Indian Metaphysics and Epistemology: The Tradition of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika up to Gaṅgeśa, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(An account of the historical background and an excellent discussion of the main issues form the introduction to summaries of works.)
Potter, K.H. (1981) Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 3, Advaita Vedānta up to Śaṃkara and his Pupils, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(A historical overview is followed by a discussion of the main philosophical issues. Most of the volume consists of summaries of a comprehensive collection of texts.)
Potter, K.H. and Bhattacharyya, S. (1993) Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, vol. 6, Indian Philosophical Analysis: Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika from Gaṅgeśa to Raghunātha Śiromaṇi, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(A short historical survey is complemented by a table of fifty philosophers and their works. A brief discussion of the philosophical ideas accompanies the summaries of the works.)