American philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC096-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved June 19, 2019, from

References and further reading

Works and English translations of philosophers mentioned in the text and not included here can be found in the individual biographical entries throughout the Encyclopedia.

  • Appleby, J. (1984) Capitalism and a New Social Order: The Republican Vision of the 1790s, New York: New York University Press.

    (Argues that Jeffersonian democracy was the triumph in America of an economic individualism rooted in the political thought of John Locke.)

  • Bailyn, B. (1973) The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

    (The book that discovered the roots of Revolutionary thought in ‘country ideology’ – the local variant of classical republicanism that the colonists imported from England.)

  • Boorstin, D. (1964) The Americans: The Colonial Experience, New York: Vintage Books.

    (The American Revolution as the ideological triumph of Lockean liberal individualism.)

  • Cameron, S. (1985) Writing Nature: Henry Thoreau’s Journal, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (A fine literary study, discussing the relation of Thoreau’s immense journal to nature, to his audience and to Walden.)

  • Cavell, S. (1980) The Senses of Walden, An Expanded Edition, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (A pioneering study of Thoreau as a philosopher of language and knowledge. The essays ‘Thinking of Emerson’ and ‘An Emerson Mood’ explore Emerson’s epistemology and his relation to Heidegger.)

  • Cavell, S. (1988) In Quest of the Ordinary: Lines of Skepticism and Romanticism, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (Contains ‘Being Odd, Getting Even,’ an existentialist reading of Emerson’s ‘Self-Reliance’, and ‘The Philosopher in American Life’, discussing the ‘repression’ of Emerson and Thoreau in accounts of American philosophy and culture.)

  • Cavell, S. (1990) Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome: The Constitution of Emersonian Perfectionism, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (Moral and political aspects of Emerson’s thought.)

  • Clebsch, W. (1973) American Religious Thought, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (Readable and sympathetic account, emphasizing continuities among Edwards, Emerson and James.)

  • Conkin, P.K. (1968) Puritans and Pragmatists: Eight Eminent American Thinkers, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

    (Fine study of Edwards, Franklin, Adams, Emerson, Peirce, James, Dewey and Santayana by a distinguished historian.)

  • Coughlan, N. (1975) Young John Dewey, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    (Superb short account of Dewey’s development and career to 1894, when he began teaching at the University of Chicago.)

  • Dewey, J. (1897) ‘My Pedagogic Creed’, School Journal 54: 77–80; repr. in The Early Works of John Dewey, ed. J.A. Boydston, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1969–90, vol. 5, 84–95.

    (Dewey maintains that education must proceed through ‘forms of life’ that are ‘worth living for their own sake’.)

  • Dowling, W.C. (1990) Poetry and Ideology in Revolutionary Connecticut, Athens, GA and London: University of Georgia Press.

    (Excellent survey of relations between classical republican political theory and poetry during the Revolution and early republic.)

  • Dunn, J. (1969) ‘The Politics of Locke in England and America in the Eighteenth Century’, in J.W. Yolton (ed.) John Locke: Problems and Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 45–80.

    (First important allegation of Locke’s non-importance in eighteenth-century political theory in both England and America.)

  • Fiering, N. (1981) Moral Philosophy at Seventeenth-Century Harvard, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

    (Discusses the yielding of scholastic premises to Hutchesonian moral sense theory between 1650 and 1725.)

  • Flower, E. and Murphey, M.G. (1977) A History of Philosophy in America, New York: Capricorn Books, 2 vols.

    (Volume 1 contains important chapters on Jonathan Edwards and the development of Scottish common sense philosophy in the American context. Volume 2 discusses the St. Louis Hegelians, Peirce, James, Royce, Santayana and Dewey.)

  • Goodman, R.B. (1990a) American Philosophy and the Romantic Tradition, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

    (Challenges the view that American philosophy originates with the Puritans by considering the influence of Romantic poetry and philosophy on Emerson, James and Dewey.)

  • Goodman, R.B. (1990b) ‘East-West Philosophy in Nineteenth Century America: Emerson and Hinduism’, Journal of the History of Ideas 1990: 625–645.

    (Discussion of Emerson’s interest in and use of Hindu texts in such essays as ‘Plato, or the Philosopher’.)

  • Guelzo, A.C. (1989) Edwards on the Will: A Century of American Theological Debate, Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

    (Summary account of Edwards’ New Divinity and its Historiography.)

  • Hamilton, A. (and Madison, J.) (1787–8) The Federalist Papers, ed. C. Rossiter, New York: New American Library, 1961.

    (A defence of the new United States Constitution and the federal government it represents.)

  • Hartz, L. (1955) The Liberal Tradition in American History: An Interpretation of American Political Thought Since the Revolution, New York: Harcourt Brace.

    (The locus classicus of the ‘Lockean liberal’ interpretation of the American Revolution.)

  • James, W. (1878) ‘Remarks on Spencer’s Definition of Mind as Correspondence’; repr. in The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.

  • James, W. (1879) ‘The Sentiment of Rationality’, Mind 4: 317–346; repr. in The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.

    (Characterizes the sentiment of rationality as a feeling of ease, peace and rest, the result of a transition from a state of perplexity to one of lively relief and pleasure.)

  • Kuklick, B. (1977) The Rise of American Philosophy: Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1860–1930, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (A history of the great Harvard department of James, Royce and others; excellent bibliography.)

  • Kuklick, B. (1985) Churchmen and Philosophers, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    (Traces continuing religious strains in American thought from Edwards through Dewey; contains a bibliographic essay.)

  • McCoy, D. (1980) The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

    (Traces the influence of Rousseau and classical republican political theory on Jefferson’s idealized agrarianism.)

  • Marsh, J. (1976) Selected Works of James Marsh, intro. P.C. Carafiol, Delmar, NY: Scholars Facsimiles and Reprints, 3 vols.

    (Volume 1 contains the 1829 edition of S.T. Coleridge’s Aids to Reflection, with Marsh’s preliminary essay – an important source for Emerson and Dewey.)

  • Miller, P. (1939) The New England Mind, New York: Macmillan.

    (Classic account of Covenant theology as it developed in New England between the first and second Puritan generations.)

  • Perry, R.B. (1935) The Thought and Character of William James, Boston, MA: Little Brown & Company; repr. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1995.

    (Affectionate and philosophically sophisticated account of James and his work).

  • Pocock, J.G.A. (1975) The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Magisterial summary of the classical republic political tradition from Aristotle to Jefferson. Claims that English Opposition thought – Bolingbroke, Trenchard and Gordon – rather than Locke, was the real source of revolutionary theory in the colonies.)

  • Rockefeller, S.C. (1991) John Dewey: Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism, New York and Oxford: Columbia University Press.

    (Contains an account of Dewey’s early development as a Hegelian idealist and Christian social activist.)

  • Schneider, H. (1963) A History of American Philosophy, New York: Columbia University Press, 2nd edn.

    (Classic study, containing a good bibliography of primary sources.)

  • West, C. (1989) The American Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

    (Political and prophetic interpretation of American philosophy, beginning with Emerson.)

  • Wills, G. (1978) Inventing America: Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

    (Scottish moral sense theory as the origin of the language of rights in the American constitution.)

  • Wright, C. (1877) Philosophical Discussions, ed. C.E. Norton; repr. New York: Burt Franklin, 1971.

    (Contains ‘Evolution of Consciousness’ (199–266) and other writings on Darwinian theory.)

  • Zuckert, M. (1994) Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Reasserts the importance of Locke’s influence on American political thought.)

Citing this article:
Goodman, Russell B.. Bibliography. American philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC096-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2019 Routledge.