Aristotle (c. mid 3rd century) Rhetoric, trans.
McKeon in The Works of Aristotle, New York: Random House, 1941.
(See especially his acute analysis of anger at Book II, Chapter 1.)
Augustine (c.400) Confessions, trans.
Ryan, New York: Doubleday, 1960.
(One of the world’s most famous treatises on faith and temptation.)
Bedford, E. (1956) ‘Emotion’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society
57 (1956–7): 281–304.
(A classic piece of analytic philosophy on emotion.)
Brentano, F. (1874) Psychology from the Empirical Standpoint, trans.
Terrell, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971.
(Discusses the modern notion of ‘intentionality’ which influenced Freud and phenomenology.)
Calhoun, C. and Solomon, R. (1984) What is an Emotion?, New York: Oxford University Press.
(A wide-ranging collection of classic sources on emotion.)
Descartes, R. (1649) Passions of the Soul, trans.
Voss, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1989.
(Descartes’ most illuminating work on the ‘mind–body problem’ and the nature of emotion.)
Hegel, G.W.F. (1807) Phenomenology of Spirit, trans
Miller, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.
(An extremely difficult but essential defence of the ‘dialectic’ – the overcoming of contradictions – in philosophy. See, for example, Chapter 4, ‘Master and Slave’.)
Heidegger, M. (1927) Being and Time, trans.
Macquarrie and E.
Robinson, New York: Harper & Row, 1962.
(Equally obscure and important master-text by the most controversial of German authors. See the section on moods.)
Hume, D. (1738) A Treatise of Human Nature, ed.
Selby-Bigge, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
(Book 2, Part 3, Section 3 contains one of the most insightful and elegantly-written defences and analyses of emotion in the English language.)
James, W. (1890) What is an Emotion?, New York: Dover.
(One of the classic work by the great American philosopher-psychologist, the basis of much debate about emotions ever since.)
Kant, I. (1790) Critique of Judgment, trans.
Pluhar, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1987.
(The third of Kant’s Critiques, in part devoted to the anayses of aesthetic judgment and feeling.)
Nietzsche, F. (1887) On the Genealogy of Morals, trans.
Kaufmann, New York: Random House, 1967.
(His discussion of resentment in Book I is particularly relevant.)
Plato (c.380s) Symposium, trans.
Woodruss and A.
Nehamas, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1989.
(The classic discussion of love.)
Plato (c.370s) The Republic, trans.
Grube, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1974.
(One of the greatest works in philosophy. The analogy between the ‘parts of the soul’ and the harmonious state are in Book IV.)
Ricoeur, P. (1950) The Voluntary and the Involuntary, trans
Kohak, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1966.
(An original contribution to phenomenology.)
Sartre, J.P. (1938) The Emotions: Sketch of a Theory, trans.
Frechtman, New York: Philosophical Library, 1948.
(A remarkably clear, single-minded exploration of the ‘existentialist’ view of emotion, focusing on emotions as ‘magical transformations’.)
Sartre, J.P. (1943) Being and Nothingness, trans.
Barnes, New York: Washington Square, 1956.
(An extremely difficult gigantic tome of a work, devoted to defending in full Sartre’s ‘existentialist’ view of being human, being free and responsible.)
Scheler, M. (1970) The Nature of Sympathy, trans.
Heath, New York: Archon, 1970.
(A modern defence of the ‘moral sentiments’ in ethics and an original contribution to phenomenology.)
Seneca (41) De Ira (On Anger), trans.
Cooper, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
(A classic defence of the Stoic ‘extirpation’ of the passions.)
Spinoza, B. de (1677) Ethics, trans.
Shirley, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1982.
(A moving and sensitive work on the emotions, despite the mathematico-deductive style and the early books on metaphysics.)