Emotions, philosophy of

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N016-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 21, 2021, from

References and further reading

  • Aristotle (c. mid 3rd century) Rhetoric, trans. R. McKeon in The Works of Aristotle, New York: Random House, 1941.

    (See especially his acute analysis of anger at Book II, Chapter 1.)

  • Augustine (c.400) Confessions, trans. J.K. Ryan, New York: Doubleday, 1960.

    (One of the world’s most famous treatises on faith and temptation.)

  • Bedford, E. (1956) ‘Emotion’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 57 (1956–7): 281–304.

    (A classic piece of analytic philosophy on emotion.)

  • Brentano, F. (1874) Psychology from the Empirical Standpoint, trans. D.B. Terrell, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971.

    (Discusses the modern notion of ‘intentionality’ which influenced Freud and phenomenology.)

  • Calhoun, C. and Solomon, R. (1984) What is an Emotion?, New York: Oxford University Press.

    (A wide-ranging collection of classic sources on emotion.)

  • Descartes, R. (1649) Passions of the Soul, trans. S. Voss, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1989.

    (Descartes’ most illuminating work on the ‘mind–body problem’ and the nature of emotion.)

  • Hegel, G.W.F. (1807) Phenomenology of Spirit, trans A.V. Miller, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

    (An extremely difficult but essential defence of the ‘dialectic’ – the overcoming of contradictions – in philosophy. See, for example, Chapter 4, ‘Master and Slave’.)

  • Heidegger, M. (1927) Being and Time, trans. J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson, New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

    (Equally obscure and important master-text by the most controversial of German authors. See the section on moods.)

  • Hume, D. (1738) A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L.A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.

    (Book 2, Part 3, Section 3 contains one of the most insightful and elegantly-written defences and analyses of emotion in the English language.)

  • James, W. (1890) What is an Emotion?, New York: Dover.

    (One of the classic work by the great American philosopher-psychologist, the basis of much debate about emotions ever since.)

  • Kant, I. (1790) Critique of Judgment, trans. W.S. Pluhar, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1987.

    (The third of Kant’s Critiques, in part devoted to the anayses of aesthetic judgment and feeling.)

  • Nietzsche, F. (1887) On the Genealogy of Morals, trans. W. Kaufmann, New York: Random House, 1967.

    (His discussion of resentment in Book I is particularly relevant.)

  • Plato (c.380s) Symposium, trans. P. Woodruss and A. Nehamas, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1989.

    (The classic discussion of love.)

  • Plato (c.370s) The Republic, trans. G.M.A. Grube, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1974.

    (One of the greatest works in philosophy. The analogy between the ‘parts of the soul’ and the harmonious state are in Book IV.)

  • Ricoeur, P. (1950) The Voluntary and the Involuntary, trans E. Kohak, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1966.

    (An original contribution to phenomenology.)

  • Sartre, J.P. (1938) The Emotions: Sketch of a Theory, trans. B. Frechtman, New York: Philosophical Library, 1948.

    (A remarkably clear, single-minded exploration of the ‘existentialist’ view of emotion, focusing on emotions as ‘magical transformations’.)

  • Sartre, J.P. (1943) Being and Nothingness, trans. H. Barnes, New York: Washington Square, 1956.

    (An extremely difficult gigantic tome of a work, devoted to defending in full Sartre’s ‘existentialist’ view of being human, being free and responsible.)

  • Scheler, M. (1970) The Nature of Sympathy, trans. P. Heath, New York: Archon, 1970.

    (A modern defence of the ‘moral sentiments’ in ethics and an original contribution to phenomenology.)

  • Seneca (41) De Ira (On Anger), trans. J. Cooper, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

    (A classic defence of the Stoic ‘extirpation’ of the passions.)

  • Spinoza, B. de (1677) Ethics, trans. S. Shirley, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1982.

    (A moving and sensitive work on the emotions, despite the mathematico-deductive style and the early books on metaphysics.)

Citing this article:
Solomon, Robert C.. Bibliography. Emotions, philosophy of, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N016-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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