Enlightenment, Scottish

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DB026-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 15, 2020, from

References and further reading

  • Berry, C. (1997) The Social Theory of the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    (Provides both a detailed analysis and a synoptic overview, including a survey of interpretations.)

  • Blackwell, T. (1735) An Enquiry into the Life and Writings of Homer, repr. Menston: Scolar Press 1972.

    (Investigates the reciprocal relationships between the poet, his poetry and his socio-cultural context.)

  • Blair, H. (1783) Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres, ed. H.F. Harding, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2 vols 1965.

    (A largely derivative but for that reason valuably indicative assembly of contemporary views on literary and aesthetic topics.)

  • Campbell, G. (1776) The Philosophy of Rhetoric, ed. L. Bitzer, Carbondale, IL and Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

    (Investigates how language, widely understood, is linked to the faculties of human nature.)

  • Campbell, R. and Skinner, A. (1982) The Origins and Nature of the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh: Donald.

    (A collection which deals both with the institutional setting, precursors and aspects of the Scots’ thought).

  • Collingwood, R. (1961) The Idea of History, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Outlines his idealist philosophy of history and criticizes alternative views.)

  • Dunbar, J. (1780) Essays on the History of Mankind in Rude and Cultivated Ages, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 2nd edn, 1781.

    (Develops a distinctive view of psychological and social development.)

  • Ferguson, A. (1767) An Essay on the History of Civil Society, ed. D. Forbes, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1966.

    (Frequently interpreted as a pioneering work of sociology, it is a wide-ranging moralistic assessment of commercial society in a broad historical sweep.)

  • Gerard, A. (1780), Gainsville, FL: Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints, 1963.

    (Applies associationist principles to literary criticism.)

  • Hayek, F. (1960) The Constitution of Liberty, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    (Important statement of Hayek’s philosophy where his debt to the Scots is acknowledged.)

  • Hont, I. and Ignatieff, M. (1983) Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (A collection of articles focusing on the Scots’ analyses of commerce.)

  • Hume, D. (1739–40) A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L.A. Selby-Bigge; revised P.H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

    (One of philosophy’s great books that Hume himself later dismissed in preference for his subsequent writing)

  • Hume, D. (1741–77) Essays Moral Political and Literary, ed. E.F. Miller, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, revised edn. 1987.

    (Important collection, especially for Hume’s economic and political thinking.)

  • Hume, D. (1757) Natural History of Religion, ed. W. Colver, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

    (Traces the development of religious belief from its roots in human nature)

  • Hutcheson, F. (1725) Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, London and Dublin.

    (Contains his first formulation of the philosophy of moral sense.)

  • Kames, Lord (Home, H.) (1751) Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion, Edinburgh: Kincaid & Donaldson; revised London: Hitch & Hawes; Dodsley, Rivington, Fletcher & Richardson, 1758; Edinburgh: Bell & Murray, 1779.

    (Contains critiques of Hutcheson, Hume and Smith, late editions amended the necessitarianism of the first edition.)

  • Kames, Lord (Home, H.) (1758) Historical Law Tracts, Edinburgh: Kincaid & Bell; London: Millar, 2 vols; revised and enlarged, Edinburgh: Bell & Creech; London: Cadell, 1776, 1 vol.

    (Traces the evolution of legal thinking, important for its evocation of stages of social development.)

  • Kames, Lord (Home, H.) (1774) Sketches on the History of Man, Edinburgh: Creech; London: Strahan & Cadell; 3rd edn with Kames’ last additions and corrections, Edinburgh: Creech; London: Strahan & Cadell, 1778.

    (A rambling comendium that deals idiosyncratically with most aspects of social life.)

  • Millar, J. (1779) The Origin of the Distinction of Ranks, 3rd. amended edn, repr. in W. Lehmann (ed.), John Millar of Glasgow, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

    (The Ranks is another work that has been identified as a significant early sociological treatise.)

  • Millar, J. (1787–1803) Historical View of the English Government; excerpts repr. in W. Lehmann (ed.), John Millar of Glasgow, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

    (The last 4 vols were published posthumously.)

  • Reid, T. (1764) Inquiry into the Human Mind, On the Principles of Common Sense, Edinburgh.

    (The seminal statement of Common Sense philosophy.)

  • Robertson, W. (1777) The History of America, ed. D. Stewart, in 1 vol. London: William Ball, 1740.

    (Book 4 contains an important discussion of Amerindian society.)

  • Sher, R. (1985) Church and University in the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    (Contains a lengthy bibliography.)

  • Smith, A. (1757) The Theory of Moral Sentiments ed. A. Macfie and D. Raphael, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, 1982.

    (A major work that outlines a philosophical psychology of moral judgment.)

  • Smith, A. (1776) An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, ed. R. Campbell and A. Skinner, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, 1981.

    (Epoch-making work that laid the foundation for analytical economics and advocated free trade.)

  • Stewart, M.A. (1990) Studies in the Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (A mix of general and specific – especially on Hume – essays.)

Citing this article:
Berry, Christopher J.. Bibliography. Enlightenment, Scottish, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DB026-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2020 Routledge.

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