DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N022-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved October 04, 2022, from

References and further reading

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century ) Generation of Animals, in J. Barnes (ed.) The Complete Works of Aristotle, vol. 1, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984, 1111–218.

    (Aristotle’s discussion of male and female roles in procreation.)

  • Beauvoir, S. de (1949) The Second Sex , trans. and ed. H.M. Parshley, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.

    (The classic existentialist interpretation of masculinity and femininity and a path-breaking analysis of the social construction of gender.)

  • Davies, E. (1866) The Higher Education of Women, London: Hambledon, 1988.

    (The case for women’s education put by a pioneer.)

  • Engels, F. (1884) The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, intro. M. Barrett, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985.

    (A vastly influential discussion of the family by one of the founders of Marxism. )

  • Firestone, S. (1970) The Dialectic of Sex, London: The Women’s Press, 1979.

    (Firestone argues that women’s oppression lies in their reproductive role and that the goal of feminist revolution is the elimination of sexual difference.)

  • Goldman, E. (1972) Red Emma Speaks. Selected Speeches and Writings of the anarchist and feminist Emma Goldman, ed. A. Kates Shulman, New York: Random House.

    (Includes selections from Goldman’s writing on the individual and the state, woman’s emancipation, prostitution and marriage.)

  • Gouges, O. de (1782) The Rights of Women, trans. V. Stevenson, London: Pythia, 1989.

    (An impressive early statement of women’s rights.)

  • Gournay, M. Le Jars de (1622) Égalité des Hommes et des Femmes, Paris: Côté-Femme, 1989.

    (A brief defence of the equality of the sexes by a woman whom Montaigne described as his adopted daughter. This edition includes the Grief des Dames, a defence of women of letters.)

  • Griffith, E. (1984) In her own Right. The life of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, New York: Oxford University Press.

    (A biography of one of the best-known US suffragists.)

  • Kollontai, A. (1977) Selected Writings, trans. and intro. A. Holt, London: Allison & Busby.

    (Includes selections from Kollontai’s writing on women and work, work and motherhood, communism, the family and marriage.)

  • Lloyd, G. (1984) The Man of Reason, London: Methuen.

    (Innovative analysis of the prevalence of the association of women and irrationality within the philosophical tradition.)

  • Maclean, I. (1977) Woman Triumphant. Feminism in French literature 1610–1652, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (A study of works by and about women in seventeenth-century France. Includes a chapter on the Querelle des femmes.)

  • Mill, J.S. (1869) On the Subjection of Women, in S. Collini (ed.) On Liberty and other Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

    (A classic, nineteenth-century account of the advantages of giving women the same access to education and work, and the same civil rights, as men.)

  • Millett, K. (1969) Sexual Politics, London: Virago, 1977.

    (A formative analysis of the construction of femininity in twentieth-century literature and in social theory.)

  • Oakley, A. (1972) Sex, Gender and Society, London: Temple Smith.

    (An influential discussion of the biological and social aspects of sexuality.)

  • Pateman, C. (1989) The Disorder of Women, Cambridge: Polity Press.

    (Includes seminal essays on the place of women in contractarian political theories.)

  • Perkins Gilman, C. (1919) Herland, London: Women’s Press, 1979.

    (Utopian novel by a leading American feminist about a community of women who live without men.)

  • Pizan, C. de (1405) The Book of the City of Ladies, trans. E.J. Richards, New York: Persea Books, 1982.

    (An exchange between Christine and the figures of Reason, Rectitude and Justice, who reassure her that women are not evil and instruct her to build a city for ladies.)

  • Poulain de la Barre, F. (1673) The Equality of the Sexes, trans. D.M. Clarke, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.

    (An early defence, along Cartesian lines, of the equality of the sexes.)

  • Sartre, J.-P. (1943) Being and Nothingness, trans. H. Barnes, London: Methuen, 1958.

    (Sartre’s classic work, mentioned in §5 above.)

  • Wollstonecraft, M. (1792) A Vindication of the Rights of Women, in S. Tomaselli (ed.) A Vindication of the Rights of Man and A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

    (A classic defence of the view that women and men have the same rights though different social roles.)

Citing this article:
James, Susan. Bibliography. Feminism, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N022-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2022 Routledge.

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