Alcoff, L. (1996) Real Knowing: New Versions of the Coherence Theory, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
(Breaks down the analytic–continental divide in a normative epistemology that takes power and desire as epistemically salient.)
Alcoff, L. and Potter, E. (1993) Feminist Epistemologies, New York: Routledge.
(Elaborations and refinements of most of the principal approaches to feminist epistemology in the early 1990s.)
Antony, L. and Witt, C. (1993) A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
(Critical responses to contentions that the domain of reason is masculine.)
Bordo, S. (1987) The Flight to Objectivity: Essays on Cartesianism and Culture, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
(A psycho-historical reading of the development of the role of Cartesian doubt in modern philosophy.)
Code, L. (1987) Epistemic Responsibility, Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.
(Discussion of responsibility issues in epistemic communities.)
Code, L. (1991) What Can She Know? Feminist Theory and the Construction of Knowledge, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
(Analysis of the androcentric character of traditional epistemologies, an examination of the politics of knowledge, and a sketch of new directions for theory of knowledge.)
Code, L. (1995) Rhetorical Spaces: Essays on (Gendered) Locations, New York: Routledge.
(Addresses questions about testimony, empathy, knowing other people, and epistemic authority in specific, power-infused situations.)
Collins, P.H. (1990) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, London: Harper Collins.
(Analysis of the social construction of Black feminist thought and of Black feminist standpoint epistemology.)
Duran, J. (1991) Toward a Feminist Epistemology, Savage, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
(A discussion of the resources of ‘naturalized’ epistemology and a proposal for a gynocentric epistemics.)
Ferguson, K. (1993) The Man Question: Visions of Subjectivity in Feminist Theory, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
(Critical reading of interpretive and genealogical strategies.)
Haraway, D. (1991) ‘Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective’, in Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature, New York: Routledge.
(Argues for an embodied, specifically situated, critical feminist approach to knowledge questions.)
Harding, S. (1986) The Science Question in Feminism, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
(Classifies feminist epistemologies as empiricist, standpoint, and postmodern.)
Harding, S. (1991) Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women’s Lives, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
(Elaborates a conception of strong objectivity, and refines the 1986 account of standpoint theory.)
Hartsock, N. (1983) Money, Sex, and Power: Toward a Feminist Historical Materialism, Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.
(Develops a standpoint epistemology from a Marxist starting point.)
Harvey, E. and Okruhlik, K. (1992) Women and Reason, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
(Critical feminist rereadings of Western ideals of reason and rationality.)
Hekman, S. (1990) Gender and Knowledge: Elements of a Postmodern Feminism, Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.
(Advocates a postmodern, deconstructive and genealogical epistemological approach.)
Keller, E.F. (1985) Reflections on Gender and Science, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
(Exposes the masculine assumptions in the history of western science.)
Lennon, K. and Whitford, M. (1994) Knowing the Difference, London: Routledge.
(Postmodern essays on feminism and epistemological questions.)
Lloyd, G. (1984) The Man of Reason: ‘Male’ and ‘Female’ in Western Philosophy, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press; 2nd edn, 1993.
(Traces the symbolisms that construct dominant conceptions of reason and masculinity throughout the history of western philosophy.)
Longino, H. (1990) Science As Social Knowledge, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(Shows that background assumptions shape scientific knowledge, and that communities are the principal knowers.)
Nelson, L.H. (1990) Who Knows: From Quine to a Feminist Empiricism, Philadephia, PA: Temple University Press.
(Argues that Quinean empiricism is a valuable resource for a feminist-informed empiricism in which communities are the primary knowers.)
Rose, H. (1983) ‘Hand, Brain and Heart: A Feminist Epistemology for the Natural Sciences’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
9 (1): 73–90.
(Argues for a praxis-based feminist standpoint approach to knowledge issues.)
Rose, H. (1994) Love, Power and Knowledge: Towards a Feminist Transformation of The Sciences, Cambridge: Polity Press.
(Expands and elaborates standpoint theory.)
Siegfried, C.H. (1996) Pragmatism and Feminism: Reweaving the Social Fabric, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
(Sets up a dialogue between American pragmatism and feminist epistemology.)