Forgiveness and mercy

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-K024-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 15, 2024, from

References and further reading

  • Adams, M.M. (1991) ‘Forgiveness: A Christian Model’, Faith and Philosophy 8 (3): 277–304.

    (Criticizes the work of Jeffrie Murphy and others who have argued that forgiveness may be incompatible with self-respect.)

  • Butler, J. (1722) Sermons, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897.

    (Sermon VIII, ‘Upon Resentment’, and Sermon IX, ‘Upon Forgiveness of Injuries’, present the essence of Butler’s account of forgiveness.)

  • Card, C. (1972) ‘On Mercy’, Philosophical Review 81: 182–207.

    (Argues that mercy is a part of justice (on a sophisticated theory of justice) and not an autonomous moral virtue.)

  • Hill, T.E., Jr. (1973) ‘Servility and Self-respect’, The Monist 57: 87–104.

    (Argues, on Kantian grounds of duty to self, that servility is a moral vice.)

  • Kant, I. (1797) The Metaphysics of Morals, trans. M. Gregor, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 140–45, 168–9.

    (Develops Kant’s theory of justice and employs it to defend retributive punishment and to oppose pardons for those convicted of crime.)

  • Kolnai, A. (1973–4) ‘Forgiveness’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74: 91–106.

    (Argues that forgiveness can be a virtue only if it does not involve complicity in wrongdoing.)

  • Moore, K.D. (1989) Pardons: Justice, Mercy, and the Public Interest, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Presents, in a generally Kantian framework, a theory of when legal pardons may be justified.)

  • Murphy, J.G. (1997) ‘Repentance, Punishment and Mercy’, in A. Brien (ed.) The Quality of Mercy, Value Inquiry Book Series, Amsterdam: Rodopi; also in A. Etzioni (ed.) Repentance, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

    (Presents a detailed analysis of the concept of repentance and argues that repentance can be relevant not simply to mercy and the reduction of punishment, but to the justification of punishment itself.)

  • Murphy, J.G. and Hampton, J. (1988) Forgiveness and Mercy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Hampton’s two chapters seek to develop, with philosophical rigour, a Christian defence of forgiveness and mercy, while Murphy’s three chapters explore the sceptical case against the claim that forgiveness and mercy are virtues.)

  • Murphy, J.G. and Morris, H. (1988) ‘Exchange: Forgiveness and Mercy’, Criminal Justice Ethics 7 (2): 3–22.

    (Murphy summarizes the view of forgiveness and mercy he develops in Forgiveness and Mercy and Morris builds his case against this from remarks on unjustified self-importance made by Simone Weil in her book Gravity and Grace.)

  • Newman, L.E. (1987) ‘The Quality of Mercy: On the Duty to Forgive in the Judaic Tradition’, Journal of Religious Ethics 15: 155–72.

    (Stresses the idea that, in the Judaic tradition, forgiveness is more a matter of community reintegration than purity of heart.)

  • Nietzsche, F. (1887) On The Genealogy of Morals, trans. W. Kaufmann, New York: Random House, 1967.

    (Explores, among many other things, the destructive role that resentment (ressentiment) plays in the moral life. See, for example, pages 36–9.)

  • Nussbaum, M. (1993) ‘Equity and Mercy’, Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2): 83–125.

    (Builds a case for mercy and empathetic individuation from Seneca’s essays ‘On Anger’ and ‘On Clemency’.)

  • Quinn, P.L. (1978) Divine Commands and Moral Requirements, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Contains, in the last chapter, a fine discussion of Saint Anselm’s paradoxes of divine mercy.)

  • Twambley, P. (1976) ‘Mercy and Forgiveness’, Analysis 36: 84–90.

    (Introduces the distinction between the criminal law and private law models of mercy.)

Citing this article:
Murphy, Jeffrie G.. Bibliography. Forgiveness and mercy, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-K024-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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