History of materialism

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC122-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 2020
Retrieved April 15, 2021, from

References and further reading

  • Brown, R., and Ladyman, J. (2019) Materialism: A Historical and Philosophical Inquiry, London and New York: Routledge. (A short survey of the materialist tradition and its development after 1900.)

  • Bullivant, S., and Ruse, M., eds (2013) The Oxford Handbook of Atheism, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (A substantial collection of articles on atheistic thought in history.)

  • Diogenes Laertius (1925) Lives of the Eminent Philosophers II, Books 6–10, Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (A major source of information about the philosophers of Ancient Greece.)

  • Frazier, J. (2013) ‘Hinduism’, in Bullivant, S., and Ruse, M. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Atheism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Gokhale, P. (2015) Lokayata/Carvaka: A Philosophical Inquiry, Oxford: Oxford University Press India. (A detailed analysis of the Indian materialist tradition.)

  • Greenblatt, S. (2012) The Swerve, London: Vintage Books. (A brilliant account of the fate of Lucretius’ poem through the ages, and its impact on philosophers and scientists.)

  • D’Holbach ([1770] 2007 ) A System of Nature, 2 volumes, Teddington: The Echo Library. (The most radical materialist text of the Enlightenment.)

  • Joshi, L. (1966) ‘A New Interpretation of Indian Atheism’, Philosophy East and West 16(3/4): 189–206. (An important article on the Carvaka.)

  • Kirk, G., and Raven, J. (1964) The Presocratic Philosophers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (A key work on the early Greek philosophers, with analysis of original texts together with translations.)

  • Lucretius (1997) On the Nature of the Universe (De Rerum Natura), translated by Ronald Melville, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (A long and brilliant poem.)

  • Marx, K. (2000) Selected Writings, edited by D. McClellan, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Mentioned in #5. Selections from key works.)

  • McEvilley, T. (2002) The Shape of Ancient Thought, New York: Allworth Press. (A magisterial and ground-breaking work describing the links between eastern and western philosophical thought in the ancient world.)

  • O’Connor, J., ed. (1969) Modern Materialism: Readings on Mind-Body Identity, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. (Contains articles by some of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century.)

  • Whitmarsh, T. (2017) Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World, London: Faber & Faber. (An account of atheistic thought in the ancient world, particularly Greece.)

  • Wolfe, C. (2016) Materialism: A Historico-Philosophical Introduction, Cham: Springer. (An advanced work of academic scholarship for a readership of professional philosophers and advanced students.)

Citing this article:
Brown, Robin Gordon and James Ladyman. Bibliography. History of materialism, 2020, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC122-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

Related Articles