Brownlie, I. and Goodwin-Gill, G. S. (2006) Basic Documents on Human Right, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 5the edn.
(A collection of major human rights documents.)
Cranston, M. (1973) What are Human Rights?
London: Bodley Head.
(A general analysis, critical of the idea of socio-economic human rights.)
Donnelly, J. (1989) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, Ithaca: Cornell University Press
2nd edn, 2003.
(An excellent general study that examines the practical issues raised by human rights.)
Freeman, M. (2002) Human Rights: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Cambridge: Polity.
(Draws on philosophy, history and social science in examining human rights issues.)
Gewirth, A. (1982) Human Rights: Essays on Justification and Applications, Chicago: Chicago University Press.
(Essays on various aspects of human rights, underpinned by Gewirth’s attempt to ground human rights in the conditions of human agency.)
Jones, P. (1994) Rights, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
(An analysis and appraisal of contemporary thinking on rights that gives special attention to human rights.)
Locke, J. (1689/90) Two Treatises of Government, ed.
Laslett, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960; 2nd edn 1967 Book II, Ch. 2, Section 6.
(One of the classics of political theory.)
MacIntyre, A. (1981) After Virtue, London: Duckworth, 2nd edn with postscript, 1985.
(An account of moral life that is generally unsympathetic to rights-thinking.)
Milne, A. J. M. (1986) Human Rights and Human Diversity, Basingstoke: Macmillan.
(An attempt to reconcile human rights with diversities of belief and culture.)
Nickel, J. W. (1987) Making Sense of Human Rights, Oxford: Blackwell, 2nd edn, 2003.
(A general study that combines philosophical, legal and political approaches.)
Pogge, T. (2002) World Poverty and Human Rights, Cambridge: Polity.
(A powerful attempt to mobilize the idea of human rights in support of global economic justice.)
Smith, R. K. M. and C.
van den Anker (2005) The Essentials of Human Rights, London: Hodder Arnold.
(A useful reference volume covering all aspects of human rights.)
Tuck, R. (1979) Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(A study of the historical origins of the idea of rights in general and of natural rights in particular.)
Waldron, J. (1984) Theories of Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(A useful collection of different understandings and justifications of rights.)
Waldron, J. (1987) ‘Nonsense upon Stilts’: Bentham, Burke and Marx on the Rights of Man, London: Methuen.
(Gives the texts of three celebrated critics of rights, along with Waldron’s trenchant defence of rights.)
Walzer, M. (1996) Thick and Thin: Moral Argument at Home and Abroad, South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
(Argues for a thin theory of human rights in deference to the different thick moralities embraced by different human communities.)