Internalism and externalism in epistemology

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-P028-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 01, 2020, from

References and further reading

  • Alston, W.P. (1989) Epistemic Justification: Essays in the Theory of Knowledge, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Advanced essays on some of the main topics of current interest.)

  • BonJour, L. (1985) The Structure of Empirical Knowledge, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (Accessible defence of coherence theory and excellent criticism of alternatives.)

  • Chisholm, R.M. (1966) Theory of Knowledge, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 3rd edn, 1989.

    (Classic presentation of foundationalism.)

  • Dretske, F.I. (1981) Knowledge and the Flow of Information, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    (Major statement of an externalist theory of knowledge.)

  • Feldman, R. (1985) ‘Reliability and Justification’, The Monist 68 (2): 159–174.

    (Classic presentation of the difficulty in determining the type to which to assign a particular belief-forming process.)

  • Feldman, R. and Conee, E. (1985) ‘Evidentialism’, Philosophical Studies 48 (1): 15–34.

    (A moderate form of internalism.)

  • Foley, R. (1987) The Theory of Epistemic Rationality, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (A relatively subjectivist form of internalism.)

  • Gettier, E. (1963) ‘Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?’, Analysis 23 (6): 121–123.

    (The classic argument for a negative answer.)

  • Ginet, C. (1975) Knowledge, Perception, and Memory, Dordrecht: Reidel.

    (Another outstanding version of internalism.)

  • Goldman, A.I. (1986) Epistemology and Cognition, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (Definitive statement of reliabilism with connections to cognitive science.)

  • Luper-Foy, S. (1987) The Possibility of Knowledge: Nozick and His Critics, Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield.

    (Collection of essays critical of Nozick’s theory of knowledge.)

  • Nozick, R. (1981) Philosophical Explanations, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (Influential version of externalism.)

  • Pollock, J. (1986) Contemporary Theories of Knowledge, Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield.

    (Advanced textbook and presentation of an unusual form of internalism.)

  • Swain, M. (1981) Reasons and Knowledge, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Version of reliabilism in terms of probability.)

Citing this article:
Alston, William P.. Bibliography. Internalism and externalism in epistemology, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-P028-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2020 Routledge.

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