Italy, philosophy in

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N028-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 21, 2021, from

References and further reading

  • Ardigò, R. (1870) Psicologia come scienza positiva (Psychology as a positivist science), Mantova: Guastalla.

    (Outlines Ardigò’s idea of psychology as a science. Includes a chapter about the relationship between positivist psychology and philosophy.)

  • Ardigò, R. (1879) La morale dei positivisti (The morality of positivists), ed. G. Giannini, Milan: Marzorati, 1973.

    (The ethical doctrine of Ardigò, in open debate with idealism, with an introduction and bibliography by the editor.)

  • Bausola, A. et al. (1985) La filosofia italiana dal dopoguerra a oggi (Italian philosophy from the end of the Second World War to today), Rome and Bari: Laterza.

    (Essays by Garin, Dal Pra, Pera, Bedeschi, Bausola and Verra on the most significant movements in contemporary Italian philosophy.)

  • Beccaria, C. (1764) Dei delitti e delle pene (On crime and punishment), ed. F. Venturi, Turin: Einaudi, 1992.

    (Introduction and bibliographical notes by the editor. Includes an appendix of letters and documents relating to the composition of the work and to the arguments it gave rise to in eighteenth-century Europe.)

  • Bobbio, N. (1964) Giusnaturalismo e positivismo giuridico (Natural law and legal positivism), Milan: Comunità, 1977.

    (Collection of essays from 1958 to 1964 on the difference between natural rights and positivist rights.)

  • Bobbio, N. (1968) Teoria della norma giuridica (Theory of judicial standards), Turin: Giappichelli.

    (University lectures on the theory of rights from the normative viewpoint.)

  • Bobbio, N. (1976) La teoria delle forme di governo (Theory of forms of government), Turin: Giappichelli.

    (University of Turin lectures, 1975–6, on political theories from Plato to Marx.)

  • Bobbio, N. (1994) Destra e sinistra (Right and left), Rome: Donzelli.

    (Brief essay on the causes and significance of the political distinction between right and left, with a bibliography by P. Polito following the debate about the left in Italy.)

  • Bruno, G. (1584–5) Dialoghi italiani (Italian dialogues), ed. G. Aquilecchia, Florence: Sansoni, 1958, repr. 1985.

    (Critical edition of Bruno’s metaphysical and moral dialogues, with a note on the translations into foreign languages in the preface by G. Gentile.)

  • Botero, G. (1589) Della ragion di stato (The reason of state), ed. L. Lirpo, Turin: U.T.E.T., 1948.

    (Critical edition with an introduction, biographical note and list of all Botero’s works with an annotated list of essential reading.)

  • Cacciari, M. (1976) Krisis, Milan: Feltrinelli.

    (An examination of negative and critical-radical thought in contemporary culture, with particular reference to the German-speaking world, especially Nietzsche and Wittgenstein.)

  • Cacciari, M. (1986) L’angelo necessario (The necessary angel), Milan: Adelphi.

    (The angel in Western culture regarded as a hermeneutic bridging the visible and the invisible.)

  • Cacciari, M. (1990) Dell’inizio (On origins), Milan: Adelphi.

    (Cacciari’s most important and difficult theoretical work which re-examines the philosophical problem of origins through a combination of philosophy and theology.)

  • Campanella, T. (1620) Del senso delle cose e della magia (On material things and magic), ed. A. Bruers, Bari: Laterza, 1925.

    (Unedited Italian text with a critical introduction.)

  • Campanella, T. (1622) Apologia di Galileo (Apology for Galileo), ed. L. Firpo, Turin: U.T.E.T., 1968.

    (Useful for understanding the relation between Campanella and Galileo. Text, with a copy of the 1632 Latin edition and a brief historical-bibliographical note.)

  • Campanella, T. (1623) La Città del sole (The city of the sun), ed. N. Bobbio, Turin: Einaudi, 1941.

    (Latin text with historical-critical note on the different editions of this work in which Campanella sets out his political doctrine. Extensive introduction and essential reading list.)

  • Cattaneo, C. (1859–66) Psicologia delle menti associate (Psychology of associated minds), in Scritti filosofici (Philosophical writings), vol. 1, 407–479, ed. N. Bobbio, Florence: Le Monnier, 1960.

    (Introduction and critical notes by the editor. There is a psycho-sociological interpretation of Kantianism which re-evaluates the latter’s idealistic-transcendental aspect.)

  • Croce, B. (1902) Estetica come scienza dell’espressione e Linguistica generale (Aesthetics as the science of expression and general linguistics), ed. G. Galasso, Milan: Adelphi, 1990.

    (Systematic exposition of aesthetics, divided into theoretical and historical parts. Extensive bibliography and critical note by the editor.)

  • Croce, B. (1905) Logica come scienza del concetto puro (Logic as the science of pure concept), Bari: Laterza, 1971.

    (Fundamental text on historical idealism in which Croce sets out his idea of philosophy as Logic and its relationships with experience and history. Not for beginners.)

  • Croce, B. (1909) Filosofia della practica. Economia e etica (Philosophy of practice, economics and ethics), Bari: Laterza, 1945.

    (Sets out Croce’s systematic theory of the forms of spiritual, economic and ethical activity.)

  • Cuoco, V. (1805) Platone in Italia (Plato in Italy), ed. F. Nicolini, Bari: Laterza, 1969.

    (Translated from the Greek, this describes a hypothetical journey by Plato to Italy.)

  • Eco, U. (1962) Opera aperta (Open work), Milan: Bompiani.

    (Essays, 1958–60, examining form and indeterminism in contemporary poetics.)

  • Eco, U. (1990) I limiti dell’interpretazione (The limits of interpretation), Milan: Bompiani.

    (Collection of essays about his own hermeneutic anarchism, and in particular of American deconstructionism. The interpretation is free, but follows a principle of falsification which is its limit.)

  • Filangieri, G. (1784) Scienza della legislazione (The science of legislation), in Scritti (Writings), ed. F. Venturi, Turin: Einaudi, 1976, 3–109.

    (Sets out Filangieri’s political and economic theory. Introduction and good bibliography.)

  • Galiani, F. (1780) Della moneta (On money), ed. F. Nicolini, Bari: Laterza, 1915.

    (Work of economic theory on the value of money.)

  • Galilei, G. (1964) Opere (Works), ed. F. Brunetti, Turin: U.T.E.T., 2 vols.

    (Critical edition of Galileo’s scientific works and scientific-philosophical polemics, including Saggiatore (vol. 1), Dialogo sui massimi sistemi and Discorsi e dimostrazioni matematiche intorno a due nuove scienze (both vol. 2). Each work has introductory notes and biographical and bibliographical references. Useful on Galileo’s scientific discoveries but rather specialized.)

  • Galluppi, P. (1819) Saggio filosofico sulla critica della conoscenza (Philosophical essay on the critique of knowledge), ed. N. Abbagnano, Turin: Paravia, 1943.

    (Attempts to reduce the sceptical aspects of previous theories, from Berkeley and Hume to Condillac and Kant. Introduction and critical notes by the editor.)

  • Garin, E. (1970) Dal Rinascimento all’Illuminismo. Studi e Ricerche. (From the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. Studies and research), Pisa: Nistri-Lischi.

    (Essays giving an overview of Italian philosophy in the 1500s to 1700s. Attention is drawn particularly to the essays on the period from Campanello to Vico and to that on the reception of Hobbes in the 1700s.)

  • Genovesi, A. (1977) Scritti (Writings), ed. F. Venturini, Turin: Einaudi.

    (Economic writings and letters on various subjects, with an introduction and good bibliography.)

  • Gentile (1916) Teoria generale dello spirito come atto puro (General theory of the spirit as pure act), in Scritti, vol. 3, Florence: Sansoni, 1959.

    (Fundamental text of Gentile’s actualism in which the influence of Berkeley and Fichte is evident.)

  • Gentile (1917–22) Sistema di logica (System of logic), in Scritti, vol. 5, Florence: Sansoni, 1964.

    (Systematic exposition of Gentile’s logic as the logic of the Identical; difficult text.)

  • Gentili, A. (1877) Del diritto di guerra (On the rules of war), ed. A. Fiorini, Livorno: Vigo.

    (Italian translation of De jure belli, holding that the only just war is carried out in self-defence.)

  • Geymonat, L. (1970–2) Storia della pensiero filosofico e scientifico (History of philosophical and scientific thought), Milan: Garzanti, 6 vols.

    (University-level manual with particular reference to the history of scientific thought, structured by topic, with specific chapters on Italian philosophy and a bibliography up to the 1970s.)

  • Gioberti, V. (1841) Degli errori filosofici di A. Rosmini (On Rosmini’s philosophical errors), in Opere (Works), vols 9 and 10, ed. U. Redano, Milan: Bocca, 1939.

    (Documents the dispute between Rosmini and Gioberti; with introduction and bibliographical notes.)

  • Gioberti, V. (1842–3) Del primato morale e civile degli italiani (On the moral and civil superiority of the Italians), in Opere (Works), vols 1, 2 and 3, ed. E. Castelli, Milan: Bocca, 1938.

    (Gioberti sets out his political ideas recalling the Italians to their historic mission; preface and essential reading list.)

  • Gioberti, V. (1857) Protologia (Protology), 4 vols, ed. G. Bonafede, Padua: Cedam, 1983–4.

    (Essential for understanding Gioberti’s idealism. Extensive introduction by the editor.)

  • Gioia, M. (1826) Filosofia della statistica (Philosophy of statistics), Turin: Tip. Economica, 1852.

    (The first Piedmontese edition of Gioia’s work. Contains brief historical notes on his life and works.)

  • Gramsci, A. (1948–51) Quaderni dal carcere (Notebooks from prison), ed. V. Gerratana, Turin: Einaudi, 1975, 4 vols.

    (Critical edition from the Gramsci Institute with introduction and biography by the editor. The fourth volume provides an index.)

  • Muratori, L.A. (1749) Della pubblica felicità (On public happiness), ed. B. Brunelli, Bologna: Zanichelli, 1941.

    (Muratori’s ethical-political theory, with an introduction and brief bibliographical note by the editor.)

  • Pagano, F.M. (1800) Saggi politici (Political essays), ed. F. Collotti, Bologna: Cappelli, 1936.

    (Political essays on the origins and differences between different societies with an introduction and brief bibliographical note.)

  • Pareyson, L. (1954) Estetica. Teoria della formatività (Aesthetics: a theory of formativeness), Turin: Edizioni di Filosofia.

    (Sets out Pareyson’s aesthetic theory in which art is not form but formativity, a doing which gives form. The discussion develops in the context of different modern theories of aesthetics, in particular from Kant onwards.)

  • Pareyson, L. (1970) Verità e interpretazione (Truth and interpretation), Milan: Mursia, 1971.

    (Collection of essays from 1964–70 on the hermeneutic concept of truth and the relationship between religion, science and philosophy.)

  • Rosmini, A. (1830) Nuovo saggio sull’origine delle idee (New essay on the origin of ideas), ed. F. Orestano, Rome: An. Romana editor, 3 vols, 1934.

    (Systematic account of Rosmini’s epistemology and ontology, with a preliminary critique of previous philosophers from Plato to Kant.)

  • Rosmini, A. (1854) Logica (Logic), ed. V. Sala, Centro Internazionale di Studi Rosmini, Strese: Città Nuova Editrice, 1984.

    (Critical edition of Rosmini’s work centred on the relative and innate nature of the idea of being, and on the objectivity of knowledge as opposed to Kantian and idealistic subjectivity.)

  • Severino, E. (1972) Essenza del nichilismo (The essence of nihilism), Brescia: Paideia.

    (The idea of being as becoming. Severino proposes a ‘return to Parmenides’, rethinking his fundamental idea. Not an easy text.)

  • Spaventa, B. (1862) La filosofia italiana nelle sue relazioni con la filosofia europea (Italian philosophy and its relation to European philosophy), ed. G. Gentile, Florence: Sansoni, 1943.

    (Account of Italian philosophy in an idealistic key from Bruno to Gioberti, tracing its roots in European philosophy up to Hegel.)

  • Vattimo, G. (1985) La fine della modernità (The end of modernity), Milan: Garzanti.

    (Essays from 1981–4 on nihilism and hermeneutics in postmodern culture, with particular reference to Nietzche and Heidegger.)

  • Vattimo, G. (1989) La società trasparente (Transparent society), Milan: Garzanti.

    (Analysis of contemporary postmodern society as the society of communication in which the mass-media, with its pervasive, complex and chaotic qualities, provides a possibility of emancipation.)

  • Vattimo, G. and Rovatti, P.A. (1983) Il pensiero debole (Weak thought), Milan: Feltrinelli.

    (Collection of essays by various authors including Vattimo, Rovatti, Eco, Marconi and Carchia, on the ‘crisis of reason’ in contemporary philosophy which sees in the end of ‘strong reason’ the emergence of a more flexible and tolerant truth.)

  • Verri, P. (1763) Discorsi e sull’indole del piacere e del dolore, sulla felicità… (Discourses… on the balance of pleasure and pain, on happiness…), ed. A. Plebe, Milan: Marzorati, 1972.

    (Brief text illustrating Verri’s concept of ethics. Introduction, critical interpretation and bibliographical note by the editor.)

  • Viano, C.A. and Rossi, P. (1991) Filosofia italiana e filosofie straniere nel dopoguerra (Italian philosophy and foreign philosophies in the period following the Second World War), Bologna: il Mulino.

    (Collection of essays by various authors, on topics such as phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics, pragmatism, positivism, Marxism and structuralism. Provides a clear and coherent view of contemporary Italian philosophy.)

  • Vico, G. (1710) De antiquissima Italorum sapientia (On the ancient knowledge of the Italians), in Opere filosofiche (Philosophical works), ed. P. Cristofolini, Florence: Sansoni, 1971, 55–131.

    (Advances Vico’s principal doctrine in which truth and fact are mutually interchangeable, thus founding the new historical science.)

  • Vico, G. (1744) Scienza nova (New science), in Opere filosofiche (Philosophical works), ed. P. Cristofolini, Florence: Sansoni, 1971, 377–702.

    (Advances Vico’s philosophy of history.)

Citing this article:
Chiurazzi, Gaetano. Bibliography. Italy, philosophy in, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N028-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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