DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-S032-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved June 05, 2023, from

References and further reading

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century ) Nichomachean Ethics, trans. D. Ross, revised J.L. Ackrill and J.O. Urmson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

    (Famous discussion of ethics. Book V contains an extended analysis of justice including its division into distributive and rectificatory.)

  • Barry, B. (1995) Justice as Impartiality, vol. 2, A Treatise on Social Justice, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (Author’s work. Develops the approach introduced by Scanlon and also contains useful discussions of justice as mutual advantage and of Rawls’ theory. Referred to in § §4 and 5.)

  • Cicero, M.T. (c. 54–51) De Re Publica, trans. C.W. Keyes, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1928.

    (Parallel Latin text and English translation. Important statement of neo-Stoic and natural law theory. Referred to in §3.)

  • D’ Entrèves, A.P. (ed.) (1948) Aquinas: Selected Political Writings, Oxford: Blackwell.

    (Standard English edition of Aquinas’ political theory, relevant to the natural law position discussed in §3.)

  • Dworkin, R. (1981) ‘What is Equality? Part 1: Equality of Welfare; Part 2: Equality of Resources’, Philosophy and Public Affairs 10 (3 and 4): 185–246, 283–345.

    (Quite difficult discussion of whether equal treatment requires equality of welfare or of resources. Also contains Dworkin’s theory of justice referred to in §5.)

  • Gauthier, D. (1986) Morals By Agreement, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (Modern neo-Hobbesian account of justice as mutual advantage. Referred to in §4.)

  • Hirsch, A. von (1990) ‘Proportionality in the Philosophy of Punishment: From "Why Punish?" to "How Much?"’, Criminal Law Forum 1 (Winter): 259–90.

    (Referred to in §1.)

  • Hobbes, T. (1651) Leviathan, ed. R. Tuck, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

    (Referred to in §4.)

  • Hume, D. (1739–40) A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L.A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

    (Referred to in §3. See especially Book 3 Part 2 for a discussion of justice.)

  • Hume, D. (1748 and 1751) Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals, ed. L.A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.

    (Published originally as two works, hence the dates.)

  • Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (Very useful introductory work covering many of the positions dealt with here. Referred to in §5.)

  • Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1968) Marx/Engels: Selected Works in One Volume, London: Lawrence & Wishart.

    (Contains extracts of many of Marx’s most famous tracts. For a denunciation of the whole idea of justice see the ‘Critique of the Gotha Programme’, 311–31.)

  • Mill, J.S. (1861) ‘Utilitarianism’, Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, vol. X, Essays on Ethics, Religion and Society, ed. J.M. Robson, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1969.

    (Discussion of utilitarianism. Chapter V contains the argument for a utilitarian theory of justice referred to in §3.)

  • Nagel, T. (1991) Equality and Partiality, New York: Oxford University Press.

    (Referred to in §5.)

  • Noddings, N. (1984) Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

    (Leading feminist theorist who argues for the replacing of the ethic of justice with an ethic of care.)

  • Nozick, R. (1974) Anarchy, State, And Utopia, New York: Basic Books.

    (Discussed in §5.)

  • Plato (c. 380–367) Republic, trans. R. Waterfield, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

    (Classic discussion of justice. Book 1 is referred to in §2.)

  • Rawls, J.B. (1971) A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    (Discussed in §5.)

  • Rawls, J.B. (1993) Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press.

    (Rawls’ revised theory, referred to in §5.)

  • Rousseau, J.-J. (1755) A Discourse on Inequality, trans. M. Cranston, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1984.

    (Referred to in §4.)

  • Sandel, M.J. (1982) Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (A communitarian critique of Rawls and of the centrality of justice.)

  • Scanlon, T.M. (1982) ‘Contractualism and Utilitarianism’, in A. Sen and B. Williams (eds) Utilitarianism and Beyond, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 103–28.

    (Discussed in §5.)

  • Scanlon, T.M. (1988) ‘The Significance of Choice’, in S.M. McMurrin (ed.) The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, vol. 8, Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 151–216.

    (Referred to in §5.)

  • Waldron, J. (1987) Nonsense on Stilts, London: Methuen.

    (Reprints some attacks on rights and contains a valuable discussion of these critiques by Waldron.)

  • Walzer, M. (1983) Spheres of Justice: A Defence of Pluralism and Equality, New York: Basic Books; London and Oxford: Blackwell.

    (Discussed in §2.)

Citing this article:
Barry, Brian and Matt Matravers. Bibliography. Justice, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-S032-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
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