Logical form

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-X021-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved January 31, 2023, from

References and further reading

  • Aristotle (c.350s–330s) Prior Analytics, trans. and with commentary by R. Smith, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 1989, esp. I.1–7.

    (Referred to in §1. The primary source for Aristotle’s formal logic.)

  • Davidson, D. (1967) ‘The Logical Form of Action Sentences’, in N. Rescher (ed.) The Logic of Decision and Action, Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 81–95; repr. with replies to critics in D. Davidson, Essays on Actions and Events, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980, esp. 137–46.

    (The source of Davidson’s account of action sentences with adverbial modifiers; discussed in §3.)

  • Harman, G. (1972) ‘Logical Form’, Foundations of Language 9: 38–65; repr. in D. Davidson and G. Harman (eds) The Logic of Grammar, Encino, CA: Dickenson, 1975, 289–307.

    (A fine discussion of theories of logical form on which the comparative principles in §3 are based.)

  • Russell, B.A.W. (1914) ‘Logic as the Essence of Philosophy’, in Our Knowledge of the External World, London: Allen & Unwin, 33–53; London: Routledge, 1993.

    (Perhaps Russell’s strongest statement of his view of the role of logical form in logic and philosophy.)

  • Russell, B.A.W. (1919) An Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, London: Routledge, 1993.

    (An engaging if not always wholly clear account of the basic issues in philosophical logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Chapter 16 is a classic account of Russell’s theory of definite descriptions; chapter 18 includes a lengthy discussion of logical form.)

  • Tarski, A. (1933) Pojęcie prawdy w jezykach nauk dedukcyjnych, Warsaw; trans. J.H. Woodger (1956), ‘On the Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages’, in Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, ed. J. Corcoran, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 2nd edn, 1983, 152–278.

    (Referred to in §2. The classic work of model-theoretic semantics.)

  • Whitehead, A.N. and Russell, B.A.W. (1910–13) Principia Mathematica, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 3 vols; 2nd edn, 1925–7.

    (Referred to in §2. Probably the most influential work in logic in the twentieth century; extremely technical.)

  • Wittgenstein, L.J.J. (1922) Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, trans. C.K. Ogden and F.P. Ramsey, London: Routledge; trans. D.F. Pears and B.F. McGuinness, London: Routledge, 1975.

    (A unique, highly influential work by Russell’s most famous student in which a very interesting, somewhat eccentric notion of logical form plays a prominent role.)

Citing this article:
Menzel, Christopher. Bibliography. Logical form, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-X021-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2023 Routledge.

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