Amauta: Revista mensuel de doctrina, literatura, arte, polémica (Amauta: Monthly Review of Doctrine, Literature, Art and Polemics) (1926–30), Lima.
(The term Amauta is Quechua for ‘wise teacher’. Mariátegui’s journal took the name to stress the Inca heritage of Peru and to give the term a new vanguardist meaning.)
Astrada, C. (1963) Existencialismo y crisis de la filosofía (Existentialism and the Crisis of Philosophy), Buenos Aires: Devenir.
(An account of the status of Western philosophy at mid-century from an existential Marxist standpoint. Advanced reading knowledge of Spanish required.)
Bottomore, T. (1983) A Dictionary of Marxist Thought, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(A helpful and substantive philosophical dictionary of Marxist authors and concepts, focusing primarily on Western Marxism.)
Fernández Retamar, R. (1989) Caliban and Other Essays, trans.
Baker, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
(A Cuban theorist’s influential interpretation of the figure of Caliban as a symbol of resistance against colonialism.)
Guadarrama González, P. (1994) América Latina: Marxismo y Postmodernidad (Latin America, Marxism and Postmodernity), Santa Clara, Cuba and Bogotá: Universidad de Las Villas and Universidad INCCA.
(An orthodox Cuban Marxist’s account of the 1990s crisis of Marxism. Reading knowledge of Spanish required.)
Hodges, D.C. (1986) Intellectual Foundations of the Nicaraguan Revolution, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
(A study of the Sandinistas’ complex intellectual history and its impact on the 1979 Nicaraguan revolution.)
Liss, S.B. (1984) Marxist Thought in Latin America, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
(An introductory historical overview of Marxist political thought, classified by countries, from the late nineteenth century up to the 1970s.)
Löwy, M. (1982) El Marxismo en América Latina, Mexico City: Era, trans.
Pearlman, Marxism in Latin America From 1909 to the Present: An Anthology, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1990.
(An informative anthology of Marxist political currents, selected according to political movements, parties, and tendencies, from 1909 to the 1970s. Reading knowledge of Spanish required.)
Mariátegui, J.C. (1928) Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality, trans.
Urquidi, Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1971.
(A clearly written classic in Latin American Marxism, best known for its original treatment of the Indian question. Its contents are the focus of a central portion of this entry.)
Sánchez Vázquez, A. (1965) Las ideas estéticas de Marx, Mexico City: Era, trans.
Riofrancos, Art and Society: Essays in Marxist Aesthetics, New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974.
(A contemporary account of the opposition between capitalism and artistic creation as developed by a prominent Spanish-born Marxist philosopher. Advanced reading knowledge of Spanish required.)
Sánchez Vázquez, A. (1988–9) ‘Marxism in Latin America’, The Philosophical Forum
20 (1–2): 114–128.
(A clear and accessible account of the historical and intellectual roots of Latin American Marxism.)
Santos Moray, M. (1985) Marxistas de América: Julio Antonio Mella, José Carlos Mariátegui, Aníbal Ponce, Juan Marinello, Havana: Editorial Arte y Literatura.
(A selection of Marxist classics focusing on accounts of culture and society. It includes a name index. Advanced reading knowledge of Spanish required.)
Schutte, O. (1993) Cultural Identity and Social Liberation in Latin American Thought, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
(A study of representative intellectual and social movements for liberation from the 1920s to the 1980s, including an analysis of Mariátegui and the origins of Latin American Marxism. Contains an expanded account of some material covered in this entry.)