Religion and epistemology

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-K080-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved November 30, 2022, from

References and further reading

  • Alston, W. (1991) Perceiving God, Cornell, NY: Cornell University Press.

    (Powerful and probing inquiry into the justification of Christian belief; it concludes that religious belief can receive justification by way of perceiving God. Requires a little preliminary work in epistemology.)

  • Blanshard, B. (1974) Reason and Belief, London: Allen & Unwin, 400–.

    (Elegant statement of a rationalist position with respect to the justification of religious belief.)

  • Clifford, W.K. (1879) ‘The Ethics of Belief’, Lectures and Essays, London: Macmillan.

    (Classic statement of the position that belief without evidence is unjustifiable and contrary to duty.)

  • Edwards, J. (1746) Religious Affections, ed. J.E. Smith, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1959.

    (Not explicitly on the topic of the epistemology of religious belief, but contains a wealth of suggestions about the work of the Holy Spirit in producing Christian belief.)

  • Freud, S. (1927) Die Zukunft einer Illusion, Leipzig and Zurich: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag; trans. and ed. J. Strachey, The Future of an Illusion, New York and London: W.W. Norton.

    (Freud’s account of the nature and prospects of religious belief.)

  • Gale, R. (1991) On the Nature and Existence of God, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (An inquiry into the question as to whether there are any good arguments for or against the existence of God. Technical in places.)

  • Locke, J. (1689) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, with Locke’s ‘Prolegomena’, ed. A. Fraser, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894; New York: Dover, 1959, bk IV.

    (An influential source of the dominant contemporary way of thinking about the justification of religious belief.)

  • Mackie, J. (1982) The Miracle of Theism, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (Perhaps the best contemporary argument for the position that theistic belief is unjustified.)

  • Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1844) Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, in R. Niebuhr (ed.) On Religion, Chicago, IL: Scholars Press, 1964.

    (Contains Marx’s and Engels’ account and criticism of religious belief.)

  • Plantinga, A. (1974) God, Freedom and Evil, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

    (Argues that there is no inconsistency in the propositions that God exists and that there is evil.)

  • Plantinga, A. (1998) Warranted Christian Belief, New York: Oxford University Press.

    (Argues that the epistemological objections to Christian belief fail, that Christian belief is warranted if true, and that belief in naturalism is irrational.)

  • Swinburne, R. (1979) The Existence of God, Oxford: Clarendon Press; revised edn, 1991.

    (Detailed and powerful development of the theistic argument from design.)

  • Wolterstorff, N. and Plantinga, A. (1983) Faith and Rationality, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

    (An influential collection of essays by the editors and others on the rationality or justification of Christian and theistic belief; for the most part the essays reject classical foundationalism with respect to theistic belief.)

  • Wykstra, S. (1989) ‘Towards a Sensible Evidentialism: On the Notion of “Needing Evidence”’, in W. Rowe and W. Wainwright (eds) Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

    (Argues that the sort of evidentialism associated with classical foundationalism is extravagant and clearly mistaken, but that there is a more restrained variety of evidentialism that makes much better sense.)

Citing this article:
Plantinga, Alvin. Bibliography. Religion and epistemology, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-K080-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2022 Routledge.

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