Alston, W. (1991) Perceiving God, Cornell, NY: Cornell University Press.
(Powerful and probing inquiry into the justification of Christian belief; it concludes that religious belief can receive justification by way of perceiving God. Requires a little preliminary work in epistemology.)
Blanshard, B. (1974) Reason and Belief, London: Allen & Unwin, 400–.
(Elegant statement of a rationalist position with respect to the justification of religious belief.)
Clifford, W.K. (1879) ‘The Ethics of Belief’, Lectures and Essays, London: Macmillan.
(Classic statement of the position that belief without evidence is unjustifiable and contrary to duty.)
Edwards, J. (1746) Religious Affections, ed.
Smith, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1959.
(Not explicitly on the topic of the epistemology of religious belief, but contains a wealth of suggestions about the work of the Holy Spirit in producing Christian belief.)
Freud, S. (1927) Die Zukunft einer Illusion, Leipzig and Zurich: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag; trans. and ed.
Strachey, The Future of an Illusion, New York and London: W.W. Norton.
(Freud’s account of the nature and prospects of religious belief.)
Gale, R. (1991) On the Nature and Existence of God, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(An inquiry into the question as to whether there are any good arguments for or against the existence of God. Technical in places.)
Locke, J. (1689) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, with Locke’s ‘Prolegomena’, ed.
Fraser, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1894; New York: Dover, 1959, bk IV.
(An influential source of the dominant contemporary way of thinking about the justification of religious belief.)
Mackie, J. (1982) The Miracle of Theism, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
(Perhaps the best contemporary argument for the position that theistic belief is unjustified.)
Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1844) Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, in R.
Niebuhr (ed.) On Religion, Chicago, IL: Scholars Press, 1964.
(Contains Marx’s and Engels’ account and criticism of religious belief.)
Plantinga, A. (1974) God, Freedom and Evil, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
(Argues that there is no inconsistency in the propositions that God exists and that there is evil.)
Plantinga, A. (1998) Warranted Christian Belief, New York: Oxford University Press.
(Argues that the epistemological objections to Christian belief fail, that Christian belief is warranted if true, and that belief in naturalism is irrational.)
Swinburne, R. (1979) The Existence of God, Oxford: Clarendon Press; revised edn, 1991.
(Detailed and powerful development of the theistic argument from design.)
Wolterstorff, N. and Plantinga, A. (1983) Faith and Rationality, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
(An influential collection of essays by the editors and others on the rationality or justification of Christian and theistic belief; for the most part the essays reject classical foundationalism with respect to theistic belief.)
Wykstra, S. (1989) ‘Towards a Sensible Evidentialism: On the Notion of “Needing Evidence”’, in W.
Rowe and W.
Wainwright (eds) Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
(Argues that the sort of evidentialism associated with classical foundationalism is extravagant and clearly mistaken, but that there is a more restrained variety of evidentialism that makes much better sense.)