Shōtoku Constitution

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-G107-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved August 18, 2019, from

References and further reading

The text of the Shōtoku Constitution is in Nihon shoki (Chronicles of Japan) (ad 720), ed. Ienaga Saburō, Inoue Mitsusada, Ōno Sususmu and Sakamoto Tarō, Tokyo: Iwanami, 1968, vol. 2, 180–7; trans. in W.T. de Bary, D. Keene and Tsunoda Ryūsaku, Sources of Japanese Tradition, New York: Columbia University Press, 1958, 49–53. (The latter gives an English translation of the Shōtoku constitution.)

  • Anesaki, M. (1930) History of Japanese Religion, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, 57–65.

    (Sees the Constitution, an expression of Shōtoku’s political philosophy, as an application of Buddhist ideals.)

  • de Bary, W.T (1969) The Buddhist Tradition in India, China and Japan, New York: The Modern Library, 255–265.

    (Articulates the views of Anesaki (1930).)

  • Kitagawa, J.M. (1987) On Understanding Japanese Religion, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (Studies of the patterns of blending of Buddhism, Chinese schools of thought, and Shintōin Japan.)

  • Sansom, G. (1958) A History of Japan to 1334, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 40–81.

    (Includes a history of Japanese thought from the fifth to the seventh century, inclined to deny Shōtoku’s authorship of the Constitution.)

  • Sonoda, K. and Brown, D.M. (1993) ‘Early Buddha Worship’, in J.W. Hall, M.B. Jansen, Madoka Kanai and D. Twitchett (eds) The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 1, Ancient Japan, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (An up-to-date and judicious survey of scholarly opinions on Shōtoku’s authorship of the ‘Injunctions’ and also on the issue of priority among the diverse strands of thought involved. The context of this survey is the placement of Shōtoku in the early phase of the history of Buddhism in Japan.)

  • Umehara, T. (1993) Shōtoku Taishi (Prince Shōtoku), Tokyo: Shūei-sha, 4 vols.

    (A close study of the structure of the Constitution with a view to determining the pattern of conceptual integration underlying the document; see especially vol. 2, 340–533.)

Citing this article:
Kachi, Yukio. Bibliography. Shōtoku Constitution, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-G107-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2019 Routledge.

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