Time, metaphysics of

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N123-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved April 14, 2024, from

References and further reading

  • Craig, W. L. (2000) The Tensed Theory of Time: A Critical Examination, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    A presentation and defence of arguments in favour of the A-theory, and an examination and critique of arguments against it. Thorough, but dense.

  • Dainton, B. (2001) Time and Space, Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

    Wonderfully accessible discussion of all of the main issues in the philosophy of time. Ideal starting point for anyone interested in the philosophy of time.

  • Dyke, H. (2002) ‘McTaggart and the truth about time’, in C. Callender (ed.) Time, Reality and Experience, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 137-152.

    Defence of McTaggart’s paradox as a problem for the A-theory of time, and defence of the B-theory against some criticisms. Fairly accessible.

  • Horwich, P. (1987) Asymmetries in Time: Problems in the Philosophy of Science, Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press.

    An examination of issues in the philosophy of time as they connect up with issues in the philosophy of science.

  • Le Poidevin, R. (1991) Change, Cause and Contradiction, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

    A defence of the B-theory of time. Moderately accessible.

  • Le Poidevin, R. and MacBeath, M. (1993) The Philosophy of Time, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    A collection of previously published and important papers on time, with a very useful introduction.

  • McTaggart, J. M. E. (1927) The Nature of Existence, vol. 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Contains McTaggart’s argument for the unreality of time.

  • Mellor, D. H. (1981) Real Time, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    The first book-length articulation and defence of the B-theory of time. Thorough, well-argued, but quite difficult in places.

  • Mellorr, D. H. (1998) Real Time II, London: Routledge.

    A largely rewritten version of the previous item.

  • Oaklander, L. N. (1984) Temporal Relations and Temporal Becoming : A Defense of a Russellian Theory of Time, Lanham, MD.: University Press of America.

    A defence of the B-theory of time. Moderately accessible.

  • Oaklander, L. N. and Smith, Q. (eds) (1994) The New Theory of Time, New Haven: Yale University Press.

    A collection of previously published papers on time charting the development of the A-theory/B-theory debate with particular emphasis on the significance of tensed language. Contains useful introductions to each section.

  • Perry, J. (1979) ‘The problem of the essential indexical’, Noûs 13: 3-21.

    A classic article on the irreducibility of indexical belief.

  • Quine, W. V. O. (1964) ‘Time’, in J. J. C. Smart (ed.) Problems of Space and Time, New York: Macmillan, 370-84.

    A classic statement of the view that tensed language is reducible to tenseless language.

  • Savitt, S. F. (2000) ‘A limited defence of passage’, American Philosophical Quarterly 38(3): 261-70.

    A critique of McTaggart’s paradox by a B-theorist.

  • Smart, J. J. C. (1980) ‘Time and becoming’, in P. van Inwagen (ed.) Time and Cause, Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 3-15.

    An early statement of the new B-theory of time.

  • Smith, Q. (1993) Language and Time, New York: Oxford University Press.

    A detailed defence of a version of the A-theory of time. Quite difficult and technical.

  • Tooley, M. (1997) Time, Tense and Causation, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    Develops a ‘closed past, open future’ version of the A-theory, making use of the concept of causation.

Citing this article:
Dyke, Heather. Bibliography. Time, metaphysics of, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N123-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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