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DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-G204-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved March 03, 2024, from

Article Summary

Tonghak is an indigenous religion in Korea. Founded by Ch’oe Cheu (1824–64), it presently flourishes under the new name of Ch’ôndogyo. An eclectic religion, Tonghak borrowed from Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, shamanism and other folk beliefs. Its central tenet is founded on the concept of In nae ch’ôn (Man is God). God is not a supernatural God who exists outside or beyond man, but is an immanent God who is present within every man.

Citing this article:
Ch’oe, Yông-Ho. Tonghak, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-G204-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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