Access to the full content is only available to members of institutions that have purchased access. If you belong to such an institution, please log in or find out more about how to order.


Print

Contents

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948)

DOI
10.4324/9780415249126-F078-1
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-F078-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved January 21, 2018, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gandhi-mohandas-karamchand-1869-1948/v-1

Article Summary

Gandhi was called Mahatma (the Great Soul) by Rabindranath Tagore and many in the West, while Gandhi’s followers often simply called him Bapuji (Father). His confrontation with racism in South Africa provided a challenging context for the development of his idea of satyāgraha (holding fast to the truth), a method of nonviolent, noncooperative resistance to the authorities. Influenced by several religious traditions, such as Hinduism (especially Vaishnava), Jainism, Islam and Christianity, Gandhi was both a religious thinker and practical reformer. While in jail on several occasions, he wrote prolifically. He was murdered on 30 January 1948 by a Hindu zealot.

Print
Citing this article:
Hoffman, Frank J.. Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-F078-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gandhi-mohandas-karamchand-1869-1948/v-1.
Copyright © 1998-2018 Routledge.

Related Searches

Periods

Regions

Related Articles