Version: v1, Published online: 1998
Retrieved October 23, 2019, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gandhi-mohandas-karamchand-1869-1948/v-1
Gandhi was called Mahatma (the Great Soul) by Rabindranath Tagore and many in the West, while Gandhi’s followers often simply called him Bapuji (Father). His confrontation with racism in South Africa provided a challenging context for the development of his idea of satyāgraha (holding fast to the truth), a method of nonviolent, noncooperative resistance to the authorities. Influenced by several religious traditions, such as Hinduism (especially Vaishnava), Jainism, Islam and Christianity, Gandhi was both a religious thinker and practical reformer. While in jail on several occasions, he wrote prolifically. He was murdered on 30 January 1948 by a Hindu zealot.
Hoffman, Frank J.. Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (1869–1948), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-F078-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/biographical/gandhi-mohandas-karamchand-1869-1948/v-1.
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