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Herbart, Johann Friedrich (1776–1841)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC039-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved September 23, 2021, from

Article Summary

From 1798, Herbart developed a ‘realistic’ alternative to the idealistic philosophy of Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel. His theoretical philosophy, which centres around metaphysics and psychology, is sharply critical of the idealistic concept of subjectivity. His practical philosophy rests on ethics and educational theory, each of which presumes the existence of the other.

Citing this article:
Langewand, Alfred. Herbart, Johann Friedrich (1776–1841), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC039-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2021 Routledge.

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